Fundamentals and Applications of Ultrasonic Waves

Fundamentals and Applications of Ultrasonic Waves

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ISBN 9780849301308
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Features

  • Provides a full and rigorous treatment of the fundamentals of acoustic waves
  • Includes a comprehensive treatment of acoustic waveguides-a subject typically addressed only in more advanced texts
  • Offers a broad, up-to-date survey of acoustic sensors, trends in scanning acoustic microscopy, and major developments in multi-bubble and single-bubble sonoluminescence
  • Contains unique discussions on emerging areas of ultrasonics, including multiple scattering, time reversal, picosecond ultrasonics, air-coupled ultrasonics, and resonant ultrasound spectroscopy
  • Summary

    Ultrasonics. A subject with applications across all the basic sciences, engineering, medicine, and oceanography, yet even the broader topic of acoustics is now rarely offered at undergraduate levels. Ultrasonics is addressed primarily at the doctoral level, and texts appropriate for beginning graduate students or newcomers to the field are virtually nonexistent.

    Fundamentals and Applications of Ultrasonic Waves fills that void. Designed specifically for senior undergraduates, beginning graduate students, and those just entering the field, it begins with the fundamentals, but goes well beyond the simple, general concepts of waves to a detailed treatment of ultrasonic waves in isotropic media. Addressing a wide range of topics, the author focuses on the physics of acoustic waves, their propagation, and the different modes that can be excited in various geometries. Strong emphasis on applications in the later chapters provides a concrete setting for the more formal and theoretical earlier discussions.

    Your search for the right introduction to ultrasonics is over. The clear, engaging prose, careful balance of theory and applications, and rigorous but accessible mathematical treatments in this book combine to build a solid foundation either for practical work in the field or moving on to higher-level studies.

    Table of Contents

    ULTRASONICS: AN OVERVIEW
    Introduction
    Physical Acoustics
    Low Frequency Bulk Acoustic Wave (BAW) Applications
    Surface Acoustic Waves (SAW)
    Piezoelectric Materials
    High-Power Ultrasonics
    Medical Ultrasonics
    Acousto-Optics
    Underwater Acoustics and Seismology
    INTRODUCTION TO VIBRATIONS AND WAVES
    Vibration
    Wave Motion
    BULK WAVES IN FLUIDS
    One-Dimensional Theory of Fluids
    Three-Dimensional Model
    INTRODUCTION TO THE THEORY OF ELASTICITY
    Introduction to Tensors
    Strain Tensor
    Stress Tensor
    Thermodynamics of Deformation
    Hooke's Law
    Other Elastic Constants
    BULK ACOUSTIC WAVES IN SOLIDS
    One-Dimensional Model
    Three-Dimensional Model
    Material Properties
    FINITE BEAMS, RADIATION, DIFFRACTION, AND SCATTERING
    Radiation
    Scattering
    Focused Acoustic Waves
    Radiation Pressure
    Doppler Effect
    REFLECTION AND TRANSMISSION OF ULTRASONIC WAVES AT INTERFACES
    Introduction
    Reflection and Transmission at Normal Incidence
    Oblique Incidence: Fluid-Fluid Interface
    Solid-Solid Interface
    RAYLEIGH WAVES
    Introduction
    Rayleigh Wave Propagation
    Fluid Loaded Interface
    LAMB WAVES
    Potential Method for Lamb Waves
    Fluid Loading Effects
    ACOUSTIC WAVEGUIDES
    Introduction: Partial Wave Analysis
    Waveguide Equation: SH Modes
    Lamb Waves
    Rayleigh Waves
    Layered Substrates
    Multilayers
    Free Isotropic Cylinder
    Waveguide Configurations
    CRYSTAL ACOUSTICS
    Introduction
    Group Velocity and Characteristic Surfaces
    Piezoelectricity
    PIEZOELECTRIC TRANSDUCERS, DELAY LINES, AND ANALOG SIGNAL PROCESSING
    Bulk Acoustic Wave Transducers
    Bulk Acoustic Wave Delay Lines
    Surface Acoustic Wave Transducers
    Signal Processing
    ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSORS
    Thickness Shear Mode (TSM) Resonators
    SAW Sensors
    Shear Horizontal (SH) Type Sensors
    Flexural Plate Wave (FPW) Sensors
    Thin Rod Acoustic Sensors
    Gravimetric Sensitivity Analysis and Comparison
    Physical Sensing of Liquids
    Chemical Gas Sensors
    Biosensing
    ACOUSTIC MICROSCOPY
    Introduction
    Resolution
    Acoustic Lens Design
    Contrast Mechanisms and Quantitative Measurements
    Applications of Acoustic Microscopy
    Perspectives
    NON DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION (NDE) OF MATERIALS
    Introduction
    Surfaces
    Plates
    Layered Structures
    Adhesion
    Thickness Gauging
    Clad Buffer Rods
    SPECIAL TOPICS
    Multiple Scattering
    Time Reversal Mirrors (TRM)
    Picosecond Ultrasonics
    Air-Coupled Ultrasonics
    Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy
    CAVITATION AND SONOLUMINESCENCE
    Bubble Dynamics
    Multibubble Sonoluminescence (MBSL)
    Single Bubble Sonoluminescence (SBSL)

    Editorial Reviews

    "…balances elementary introduction and advanced application; his discussion of advanced application extends to current research in theoretical and experimental ultrasonics. …wherever possible Cheeke uses qualitative models to elucidate complex concepts he has derived mathematically but whose full physical implications may be opaque to the neophyte. In introducing ultrasonic measurement techniques, he enumerates the steps and methods -- and also the pitfalls that await the unsuspecting novice."
    -- Physics Today, April 2003

     
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