Reinforced Concrete Design with FRP Composites

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Features

  • Examines the analysis, design, durability, and serviceability of concrete members reinforced with FRP
  • Provides fundamental theories of concrete member behavior under different loading conditions
  • Features analysis and design approaches recommended by the ACI Committee 440 guide documents
  • Focuses on two basic structural criteria: strength and serviceability
  • Supplements the discussion with many practical examples, extensive references in each chapter, and a glossary of terms
  • Summary

    Although the use of composites has increased in many industrial, commercial, medical, and defense applications, there is a lack of technical literature that examines composites in conjunction with concrete construction. Fulfilling the need for a comprehensive, explicit guide, Reinforced Concrete Design with FRP Composites presents specific information necessary for designing concrete structures with fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites as a substitute for steel reinforcement and for using FRP fabrics to strengthen concrete members.

    In a reader-friendly, design-oriented manner, this book discusses the analysis, design, durability, and serviceability of concrete members reinforced with FRP. The authors first introduce the elements that constitute composites-the structural constituent and matrix-and discuss how composites are manufactured. Following an examination of the durability of FRP composites that contain fibers, such as glass, carbon, or aramid, the book illustrates how FRP external reinforcement systems (FRP-ER) can be used for enhancing the strength and stiffness of concrete structures using theory and design principles. The concluding chapter concentrates on serviceability aspects of concrete members internally reinforced with FRP.

    An excellent resource of design and construction practices, Reinforced Concrete Design with FRP Composites is a state-of-the-art reference on concrete members reinforced with FRP.

    Table of Contents

    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT COMPOSITE MATERIALS
    References and Selected Bibliography

    PROPERTIES OF CONSTITUENT MATERIALS: CONCRETE, STEEL, POLYMERS, AND FIBERS
    Introduction
    Ingredients of Concrete
    Types of Concrete
    Strength of Concrete
    Strength Characteristics of Concrete
    Reinforcing Steel
    Constituents of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites
    Polymers
    Reinforcement (Fibers)
    Aramid Fibers (Kevlar Fibers)
    Boron Fibers
    Additives and Other Ingredients
    Fillers
    Fiber Surface Treatment (Sizing)
    Properties of Fibers
    References

    PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITES
    Introduction
    Manufacturing Methods
    Significance of QC and QA in Manufacturing
    References

    DURABILITY: AGING OF COMPOSITES
    Introduction
    Environmental Factors Affecting FRP Properties
    Durability and Safety Factors
    Physical, Chemical, and Thermal Aging
    Mechanisms of Polymer Degradation
    Coupling Agent and Interface
    Parameters Affecting FRP Properties
    Accelerated Aging
    Manufacturing and Durability
    Current Gaps in Durability Analysis
    References

    STRENGTHENING OF STRUCTURAL MEMBERS
    Introduction
    Bonding Concrete Beams with FRP-ER
    Types of FRP Systems
    Advantages and Limitations of FRP Composite Wraps for
    Reinforced Concrete Members
    Fiber Wrap Technology Applications: Case Studies
    Compatibility of Steel-Reinforced Concrete and FRP-ER
    The ACI Guide Specifications
    Design Properties of FRP-ER and Constituents
    Failure Modes
    Flexural Forces in FRP-ER Strengthened Beams
    Flexural Strains and Stresses in FRP-ER Strengthened Beams
    Nominal Flexural Strength of a Singly Reinforced Beam
    Trial-and-Error Procedure for Analysis and Design
    Computation of Deflection and Crack Width
    Design Examples on Flexure
    Shear Behavior of Wrapped Concrete Members
    Design Examples on Shear

    DESIGN AND BEHAVIOR OF INTERNALLY FRP-REINFORCED BEAMS
    Introduction
    Advantages and Limitations of Steel and FRP Reinforcements
    Design Philosophy
    Flexural Behavior and Failure Modes of Rectangular FRP-Reinforced Beams
    Minimum and Maximum FRP Reinforcement Ratios
    Temperature and Shrinkage Reinforcement
    Energy Absorption in FRP-Reinforced Members: Ductility and Deformability Factors
    Shear Strength of FRP-Reinforced Beams
    References

    BOND AND DEVELOPMENT LENGTH
    Introduction
    Bond Behavior of Steel Bars
    Bond Behavior of FRP Bars
    Research on Bond Strength of FRP Bars
    Estimation of Bond Strength
    Current Research Findings
    Examples
    Summary
    References

    SERVICEABILITY: DEFLECTION AND CRACK-WIDTH
    Introduction
    Serviceability of Concrete Structures
    Deflections
    Practical Considerations for the Control of Deflections
    Examples on Deflections
    Crack Widths
    Examples on Crack Widths
    Creep-Rupture
    Creep-Rupture Stress Limits
    Examples of Creep-Rupture Stress Limits
    Fatigue Stress Limits
    References

    GLOSSARY
    References

    APPENDIX: TABLES

    INDEX