Piping and Pipeline Engineering

Piping and Pipeline Engineering: Design, Construction, Maintenance, Integrity, and Repair

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Features

  • Highlights the seven fundamental areas of competent piping and pipeline engineering, presented in the format of a checklist
  • Addresses mechanical design and integrity, from common operating conditions to extreme loading
  • Discusses corrosion and degradation mechanisms and how to diagnose the causes and effects of corrosion in service
  • Covers maintenance and in-service inspection practices and techniques, including an introduction to failure analysis
  • Includes coverage of unique aspects of plastic pipe and fittings, valve selection, and sizing
  • Summary

    Taking a big-picture approach, Piping and Pipeline Engineering: Design, Construction, Maintenance, Integrity, and Repair elucidates the fundamental steps to any successful piping and pipeline engineering project, whether it is routine maintenance or a new multi-million dollar project. The author explores the qualitative details, calculations, and techniques that are essential in supporting competent decisions. He pairs coverage of real world practice with the underlying technical principles in materials, design, construction, inspection, testing, and maintenance.

    Discover the seven essential principles that will help establish a balance between production, cost, safety, and integrity of piping systems and pipelines

    The book includes coverage of codes and standards, design analysis, welding and inspection, corrosion mechanisms, fitness-for-service and failure analysis, and an overview of valve selection and application. It features the technical basis of piping and pipeline code design rules for normal operating conditions and occasional loads and addresses the fundamental principles of materials, design, fabrication, testing and corrosion, and their effect on system integrity.

    Table of Contents

    CODES, STANDARDS AND PRACTICE
    A Brief History of Piping Technology
    National Codes, Standards and Guides
    Piping and Pipeline Codes
    Scope of ASME B31 Codes
    Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code
    Federal and State Laws
    ASME Council on Codes and Standards
    ASME B16 Standards
    API Standards and Recommended Practices
    Manufacturers Standardization Society
    Pipe Fabrication Institute Standards
    American Institute of Steel Construction
    American Concrete Institute
    NACE
    Material Institutes
    National Board
    Flow Control Institute Standard
    Hydraulic Institute Pump Standards
    References

    FUNDAMENTALS
    Competence
    At the Engineering Level
    At the Corporate Level

    MATERIALS
    Introduction: A Good Pastry
    Ferrous Pipe
    Non-Ferrous Pipe
    Fabrication of Steel Pipe
    Fabrication of Pipe Fittings and Components
    Mechanical Properties
    Procurement
    References

    INTERNAL PRESSURE
    Pressure Design of Piping
    Pressure Design of Plant Piping
    Yield and Burst Pressure
    Pressure Design of Plastic Pipe
    Pressure Rating
    Pressure Stress in Fittings
    High Pressure Design
    Design Pressure
    Over-Pressure Protection
    Burst Energy
    Pipe Specification
    Valve Specification
    References

    EXTERNAL PRESSURE
    Buckling Pressure
    ASME Code Design
    References

    LAYOUT AND SUPPORTS
    Spacing of Pipe Supports
    Sustained Stress
    Stress Indices
    Design Standards
    Selection of Pipe Supports
    Design of Standard Support
    Design of Steel Frames
    Anchorage to Concrete
    Layout Rules of Good Practice
    References

    FLEXIBILITY AND FATIGUE
    Layout for Flexibility
    Simplified Flexibility Analysis
    Fatigue
    Smooth Specimen Fatigue
    Pipe Component Fatigue
    Fatigue Strength of Socket Welds
    Fatigue Strength of Butt Welds
    ASME B31 Fatigue Rules
    Fracture Mechanics Approach
    Corrosion Fatigue
    Shakedown
    Cold Spring
    Through-Wall Temperatures
    Creep Damage
    Pipe Insulation
    Expansion Joints
    References

    VIBRATION
    Root Cause
    Mechanically Induced Vibration
    Vibration Analysis
    Hydraulic Induced Vibration
    Measuring Vibration
    Assessing Vibration Severity
    Prevention and Mitigation
    References

    FLUID TRANSIENTS
    Single Liquid Phase
    Two-Phase Vapor-Liquid Waterhammer
    Non-Condensable Two-Phase Waterhammer
    Stress Analysis
    References

    WIND DESIGN
    Wind Damage
    Wind Pressure
    Vortex Shedding
    Wind-Borne Missiles
    References

    SEISMIC DESIGN AND RETROFIT
    The Seismic Challenge
    Seismic Specification
    Rules of Good Practice
    Seismic Analysis Techniques
    Seismic Input Based on IBC
    Seismic Response Spectra
    Seismic Qualification
    Shake Table Testing
    Seismic Interactions
    References

    EXPLOSIONS
    Deflagration and Detonation
    Dynamic Loads
    Dynamic Properties
    Pressure Limits
    Design Criteria
    Explosion Protection
    External Explosions
    References

    SUBSEA PIPELINES
    Subsea Pipeline Safety
    Design Process
    Internal Pressure
    External Pressure
    Pipe Lowering
    On-Bottom Stability
    Pipeline Flotation
    Fatigue Design
    Hook and Pull
    References

    BURIED PIPE
    To Bury or not to Bury
    Internal Pressure
    Soil Loads
    Surface Loads
    Thermal Expansion and Contraction
    Ground Movement
    Seismic
    References

    WELDING
    Shop and Field Welding
    Welding Processes
    Weld Defects
    Codes, Standards and Practice
    Post-Weld Heat Treatment
    In-Service Welding
    Surfacing Techniques
    References

    EXAMINATION
    Visual Examination
    Magnetic Particles Testing
    Liquid Penetrant Testing
    Radiographic Testing
    Ultrasonic Testing
    Eddy Current Testing
    Acoustic Emission Testing
    Thermography
    Measurement Accuracy
    Type and Extent of Examinations
    Acceptance Criteria
    Personnel Certification
    Pipeline Pigs
    References

    PIPE FLANGE
    Flange Standards
    Flange Types
    Flange Gaskets
    Flange Faces
    Flange Ratings
    Flange Bolt Torque
    External Loads
    Assembly of Pipe Flanges
    Nuts and Bolts
    Maintenance
    References

    MECHANICAL JOINTS
    What they Are
    Swage Firings
    Grooved Fittings
    In Conclusion

    LEAK AND PRESSURE TEST
    Leak Test and Pressure Test 3
    Leak and Pressure Test Methods
    Choice of Test Method
    Conduct of Test
    Isolation
    Locating Leaks Underground
    References

    DEGRADATION IN SERVICE
    A Critical Decision
    General Corrosion
    Galvanic Corrosion
    Erosion Corrosion
    Environmental Effects
    Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion
    High Temperature Effects
    Mechanical Damage
    Lining and Coating
    Corrosion Inhibitors
    Material Selection
    References

    FITNESS-FOR-SERVICE
    Fitness-for-Service
    Wall Thinning
    Crack Flaws
    Mechanical Damage
    References

    MAINTENANCE, RELIABILITY AND FAILURE ANALYSIS
    Case History
    Maintenance Objective
    Maintenance Plan
    Maintenance Strategies
    Corrective Maintenance
    Failure Modes
    Pro-Active Maintenance
    PDM Techniques
    Reliability
    Maintenance and the Construction Codes
    Elements of Failure Analysis
    References

    REPAIR TECHNIQUES
    Repair Strategy
    Replacement
    Grinding Out Defects
    Weld Overlay
    Full Encirclement Sleeve
    Fillet Welded Patch
    Flush Welded Patch
    Welded Leak Box
    Mechanical Clamp
    Composite Overwrap
    Buried Pipe Rehabilitation
    Brushed and Sprayed Lining and Coating
    Pipe Straightening
    References

    PLASTIC PIPE
    Plastic Form
    Size
    Chemical Resistance
    Physical and Mechanical Properties
    Pressure Design
    Pressure Cycling Fatigue
    Pressure Design of Fittings
    Support Spacing
    Fabrication and Examination
    Bonding Qualification
    References

    VALVES
    Overview
    Gate Valves
    Globe Valves
    Plug Valves
    Ball Valves
    Butterfly Valves
    Diaphragm Valves
    Check Valves
    Safety and Relief Valves
    Control Valves
    Sizing Gas Control Valves
    Valve Actuators
    Closure Test
    References

    APPENDIX STANDARD PIPE SIZES
    INDEX

     
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