Interrelationships of the Platyhelminthes

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ISBN 9780748409037
Cat# TF2258

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Features

  • Focuses on the interrelationships of the Platyhelminthes, which allows comparative data on the group to be put into evolutionary context
  • Provides a substantial foundation of material upon which new research and findings will be made
  • Brings together researchers studying both the free living and parasitic organisms of this phylum
  • Examines various types of data including molecular phylogeny, morphology, and ultrastructure
  • Summary

    The phylum Platyhelminthes is comprised of some 50,000 species of flatworms living in a wide variety of habitats - from the deep sea to the damp soil of tropical forests- where they occupy pivotal roles in many ecosystems. The parasitic forms include tapeworms and flukes, which plague virtually every species of vertebrates and impose major medical, veterinary, and economic burdens.

    Interrelationships of the Platyhelminthes elucidates the role of flatworms in the animal kingdom. It brings together results from an international group of experts, spanning many disciplines, who give evidence for the phylogeny of the flatworms and constituent major taxa. A combined approach, using traditional comparative techniques along with the modern techniques of molecular phylogeny, is utilized to show that the monophyly of the phylum is not fully established, and that the phylum may in fact consist of two groups: the acoels and their direct relatives, which are basal metazoans, and the Rhabditophora, which is a more derived group. The authors review the contributions of neurobiology, morphology, and developmental and molecular biology in light of their contributions to flatworm phylogenetics.

    This volume provides explicit and fully defined character matrices wherever possible allowing critics, supporters, and future workers to evaluate the state of flatworms systematics and phylogenetics from a single resource. This volume will appeal to all who have an interest in flatworms and recognize the value of phylogenetics as the basis for comparative biology.

    Table of Contents

    EARLY ORIGINS OF BASAL TAXA
    The Early Worm - Origins and Relationships of the Lower Flatworms Seth Tyler
    Contributions to the Phylogeny and Systematics of the Acoelomorpha Olga I. Raikova, Maria Reuter and Jean-Lou Justine
    The Nemertodermatida Kennet Lundin and Wolfgang Sterrer
    Phylogenetic Systematics of the Macrostomorpha Reinhard M. Rieger

    FREE-LIVING GROUPS
    The Proseriata Marco Curini-Galletti
    Molecular Taxonomy and Phylogeny of Tricladida Jaume Baguñà, Salvador Carranza, Jordi Paps, Iñaki Ruiz-Trillo and Marta Riutort
    Towards a Phylogenetic Classification and Characterisation of Dugesiid Genera (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida, Dugesiidae) - a morphological perspective Ronald Sluys

    SYMBIONTS AND PARASITES
    The Prolecithophora Ulf Jondelius, Michael Norén and Jan Hendleberg
    The Temnocephalida Lester R.G. Cannon and Boris I. Joffe
    Phylogenetic Relationships of the Monogenoidea Walter A.Boeger and Delane C. Kritsky
    The Gyrocotylidea, Amphilinidea and the Early Evolution of Cestoda Willi E.R. Xylander
    Phylogeny Among the Orders of the Eucestoda (Cercomeromorphae): Integrating Morphology, Molecules and Total Evidence Eric P. Hoberg, Jean Mariaux and Dan R. Brooks
    Cestode Systematics in the Molecular Era Jean Mariaux and Peter D. Olsen
    Interrelationships Among Tetraphyllidean and Lecanicephalidean Cestodes Janine N. Caira, Kirsten Jensen and Claire J. Healy
    The Aspidogastrea, an Archaic Group of Platyhelminthes Klaus Rohde
    The Digenea Thomas H. Cribb, Rodney A.Bray, D. Timothy J. Littlewood, Sylvie P. Pichelin, Elizabeth A. Herniou
    Molecular Phylogeny of the Suborder Plagiorchiata and its Position in the System of Digenea Vasyl V. Tkach, Jan Pawlowski, Jean Mariaux and Zdzislaw Swiderski
    The Schistosomatidae: Advances in Phylogenetics and Genomics Scott D. Snyder, Eric S. Loker, David A. Johnston and David Rollinson

    CHARACTERS AND TECHNIQUES
    Protonephridia as Phylogenetic Characters Klaus Rohde 20. Insights from Comparative Spermatology in the "Turbellarian" Rhabdocoela Nikki A. Watson
    Spermatozoa as Phylogenetic Characters for the Platyhelminthes Jean Lou-Justine
    Comparative Neurobiology of the Platyhelminthes Maria Reuter and David W. Halton
    The Use of Life Cycle Characters in Studies of the Evolution of Cestodes; Ian Beveridge
    Embryology and Developmental Genes as Clues to Flatworm Relationships; Maximilian J. Telford
    Small Subunit rDNA and the Platyhelminthes: Signal, Noise, Conflict and Compromise; D. Timothy J. Littlewood and Peter D.Olson
    Flatworm Phylogeneticist: Between Molecular Hammer and Morphological; Anvil Boris I. Joffe and Elena E. Kornakova
    Towards a Phylogenetic Supertree of the Platyhelminthes; Mark Wilkinson, Joseph L. Thorley, D. Timothy J. Littlewood and Rodney A. Bray

    Editorial Reviews

    "I have attempted [in this review] to convey the excitement, the controversy and the imagination in the research fields reflected in this book…I found the book greatly stimulating and will now go to the laboratory to look at protonephridia of schistosomes with renewed enthusiasm."
    John R. Kusel, Trends in Parasitology