This text relies on only introductory level physics and chemistry as the foundation for understanding liquid crystal science. Liquid crystals combine the material properties of solids with the flow properties of fluids. As such they have provided the foundation for a revolution in low- power, flat-panel display technology LCDs. In this book, the essential elements of liquid crystal science are introduced and explained from the perspectives of both the chemist and the physicist.; The text begins with an historical account of the discovery of liquid crystals and continues with a description of how different phases are generated and how different molecular architectures affect liquid crystalline properties. The rest of the book is concerned with understanding and explaining the properties of the various types of liquid crystals, and in the final part of the book, the technology of LCDs is discussed and illustrated.
Introduction to a special phase of matter; nature's anisotropic fluids; Calamitic Liquid Crystals - Nematic And Smectic Mesophases; Discotic liquid crystals - nematic and smectic mesophases; discotic liquid crystals - columnar and nematic mesophases; polymeric liquid crystals - macromesogens; chiral liquid crystals - art and science; lyotropic liquid crystals - anisotropic solutions; synthesis of liquid crystals - strategies and methods; identification of liquid crystals; identification of liquid crystal phases - mesophase characterization; liquid crystals in electric and magnetic fields - a delicate response; light and liquid crystals - a panoply of colour; theoretical insights; liquid crystal technology.
"This work remains an excellent introduction to those new in the field. The reader is fully immersed in the vocabulary, structures, data and kinetic models, and will rapidly build up an understanding of the models in current use."
– Keith Wilkinson, Science Department, International School of Lusaka, in Physical Sciences Educational Review, Vol. 6, No. 1