### Table of Contents

**Experimental Studies in Unsaturated Soils and Expansive Soils**

*Mechanical
characterization*

Unconfined
compressive strengths of unsaturated soil prepared from slurry, *M. Shimizu and K. Kageyama*

Volume
change of slurry-consolidated expansive clay under suction controlled triaxial

testing conditions, *Muawia A. Dafalla and Mosleh
A. Al-Shamrani*

Effects
of matric suction and loading rate on the stiffness-strain behaviour of kaolin,
*T.T. Nyunt, E.C. Leong, and
H. Rahardjo*

On
the preparation of soil samples with variable degrees of bonding, *M.A. Hezmi, S.J. Wheeler, and D. Gallipoli*

The
effects of anisotropy on the mechanical behaviour of unsaturated kaolin, *V. Sivakumar, J.L. Brown, J.A. Black, and D. Glynn*

Small
strain behavior of unsaturated plastic material in suction control RCTS test, *M. Biglari, A. d’Onofrio, C. Mancuso, A. Shafiee, and
M.K. Jafari*

One-dimensional
compression behavior of unsaturated Shirasu, *R.
Shiraishi, Y. Takemura, E.C. Leong, K. Tateyama, and R. Kitamura*

Influence
of microstructures on the mechanical properties of unsaturated clays, *N. Kochmanova and H. Tanaka*

Characterisation,
mechanical and microstructural behaviour of an unsaturated silt, *G. McCloskey, M. Sanchez, and E. Romero*

Mechanical
properties of methane hydrate-bearing sand and its deformation during dissociation
of methane hydrate, *M. Hyodo, Y. Nakata, N.
Yoshimoto, J. Yoneda, and R.P. Orense*

**Cyclic loading**

Cyclic
behaviour of unsaturated silt in suction-controlled simple shear apparatus, *K.B. Chin, E.C. Leong, and H.Rahardjo*

Performance
of clay fill under repeated loading, *P.
Cairns, V. Sivakumar and R. Thom*

Measurement
of volume response of unsaturated soils in cyclic triaxial testing, *D. Hu, S.R. Lo, N. Khalili, S. Kacavenda, and C.
Patel*

Structural
changes of compacted marls subjected to suction cycles, *R. Cardoso and E.E. Alonso*

On
the volumetric response of a compacted clay subjected to wetting and drying
cycles, *A. Ferrari, C. Airo Farulla,
and E. Romero*

**Shear strength and shear stiffness**

Study
on dynamic structural characteristics of unsaturated loess in different regions,
*Y. Luo, Z. Wang, and Y. Yang*

Effects
of suction on elastic shear modulus for unsaturated soil, *S. Kawajiri, S. Kato, S. Shibuya, and T. Kawaguchi*

Evaluation
of apparent cohesion of an unsaturated soil, *T.
Nishimura, H. Toyota, and J. Koseki*

Strength
behavior of undisturbed volcanic cohesive soil under unsaturated conditions, *Y. Kiyohara, M. Kazama, and R. Uzuoka*

Comparison
between the measured and predicted shear strength behaviour of four unsaturated
sands, *S.K. Vanapalli, and F.
Lacasse*

Shear
strength of unsaturated sand under plane strain conditions, *J. Alabdullah, Y. Lins and T. Schanz*

Application
of suction stress to shear strength in direct shear test for unsaturated soil
under low confining pressure, *B.S.
Kim, S. Shibuya, and S. Kato*

The
influence of drying on the small strain shear modulus for static compacted Boom
clay, *V. Merchan, J. Vaunat, and E.
Romero*

**Thermal effects**

Influence
of heating and water-exposure on liquid limit of GMZ01 and MX80 bentonite, *Y.-M. Liu*

Effect
of temperature changing during curing periods on strength gain of lime treated
soil, *A.A. Nasrizar, M. Muttharam,
and K. Ilamparuthi*

Influence
of freeze-thaw action on soil water characteristics of crushable volcanic coarse-grained
soil, *T. Ishikawa, K. Ito, and S.
Miura*

**Development of experimental methods**

A
calibration chamber for unsaturated soils, *M.
Pournaghiazar, A. Russell, and N. Khalili*

Development
of method to measure degree of saturation of various sandy model grounds by
image analysis, *N. Yoshimoto, K. Nishio, Y.
Nakata, M. Hyodo, and R.P. Orense*

Development
of triaxial apparatus for permeability test of unsaturated soil using pressure membrane
method, *T. Tokoro, T. Ishikawa, and
S. Miura*

Variations
in mid-plane pore water pressure and anisotropic shear stiffness during suction
equalization, *J. Xu and C.W.W. Ng*

Performance
of Modified Volumetric Pressure Plate, *KunSun
Yoo and H. Rahardjo*

**Soil water characteristic curve and
suction measurement**

Experimental
study of the soil-water characteristics of a decomposed soil using the relative
humidity (RH) control technique, *A.K.
Leung and C.W.W. Ng*

Use
of CO2 gas to improve saturation of High Capacity Tensiometer (HCT), *A.S. Acikel and C. Mancuso*

Issues
for calibration of thermal dissipation sensors for measuring matric suction, *A. Sawangsuriya, C.H. Benson, and X. Wang*

Evaluation
of filter paper calibrations for laboratory estimating of soil suctions, *K.V. Bicalho, G.W. Nunes, F.A.M. Marinho, J.-M.
Fleureau, A. Gomes Correia, and S. Ferreira*

Direct
measurement of the relationships between total soil suction, free strain and
moisture content, *N.S. Beal*

Laboratory
versus field SWCC data, *D.J.
Williams*

Use
of SWCCs to describe the dewatering of product coal, *D.J. Williams*

Main
factors affecting soil-water characteristic curve, *D.A. Sun and J. Li*

Soil
water characteristic curve and consolidation of fine grained soils, *Y. Al-Badran and T. Schanz*

SWCCs
and permeability functions for coarse-grained soils, *L.M. Zhang, X. Li, and D.G. Fredlund*

Soil
water characteristic curves of expansive clays of Chennai, *K. Premalatha and Pa. Suriya*

Soil-water
retention curves of some silty soils and their relations to fabrics, *A. Jotisankasa, H. Vathananukij, and M.R. Coop*

Experiences
gained using various axis translation technique apparatus to determine soil
water retention curve, *X.
Zhang, M. Mavroulidou, M.J. Gunn, and Z. Cabarkapa*

**Field testing and slope stability**

Field
measurements and their numerical simulations for infiltration and evaporation behaviour
in unsaturated soil, *S. Widiastuti, Y. Matsuzaki,
R. Kitamura, and Y. Miyamoto*

Conductivity
test on fissures development in unsaturated expansive soil, *L. Chen, Y.K. Gong, Y. Liang, and M.J. Gao*

An
*in situ *investigation of
the swell-shrinkage behaviour of clayey soils, *M. Chretien and R. Fabre*

Tree
water use, soil suctions and reference evapotranspiration in a semi-arid
climate, *D.A. Cameron and K.G. Mills*

In
situ measurement of the soil moisture content profile at a decomposed granite
cut-slope, *A. Tohari and M. Nishigaki*

Seismic
response of partially saturated slopes, *R.P.
Orense, N. Yoshimoto, and M. Hyodo*

Rainfall
infiltration in cracked soil and its effect on slope stability analysis, *H. Zhang and W.W. Zhang*

Alternative
measures for soil slope stability using capillary barrier of soil, *T. Morii, Y. Takeshita, M. Inoue, and S. Matsumoto*

Horizontal
drains in residual soil slopes, *V.A.
Santoso, H. Rahardjo, E.C. Leong, Y.S. Ng, and C.P.H. Tam*

Pore-water
pressure characteristics of two instrumented residual soil slopes, *H. Rahardjo, V.A. Santoso, E.C. Leong, Y.S. Ng, and
C.P.H. Tam*

Remediation
of a creeping slope comprised of highly expansive clays, *M.B. Addison*

Field
test for expansive soil slope reinforcement by covering geo-membrane on slope
surface, *J.P. Yuan, J.H. Wu, and Z.Z.
Yin*

**Expansive soils and collapsible soils**

Study
of permeability and seepage deformation of unsaturated expansive soils, *L. Miao, Y. Cui, and H. Pan*

Mechanism
and magnitude of collapse settlement in sands and clays, *R.A. Moyle, G.A. Hackney, and P.G. Redman*

Effectiveness
of pre-wetting and pre-loading technique in solving wetting collapse
settlement, *M.J.Md. Noor, I.B. Mohamed
Jais, and M.A. Hafez*

Characterising
the collapsible response of an *in-situ
*compacted
silt, *R. Gomez, E. Romero, A.
Lloret, and J. Suriol*

A
study of the Atterberg limits effects on the behavior of collapsing soils, *K. Abbeche, F. Hammoud, and T. Ayadat*

Research
on the expansion characteristics of Mengzi remolded expansive soil, *Z.-q. Li, R.-l. Hu, and L.-C. Wang*

Hydro-mechanical
characterisation of a compacted expansive clay by suction controlled oedometer
tests *A.N. Ta, A.M. Tang, and Y.J.
Cui*

A
large-scale infiltration test on compacted expansive clay, *A.N. Ta, A.M. Tang, Y.J. Cui, and J. Thiriat*

Three-dimensional
swelling pressure and chemical influence on deformation of a compacted bentonite,
*B. Qin and Z.H. Chen*

Swelling
property and its anisotropy of reconstituted and undisturbed samples, *M. Suzuki, K. Fujii, and J. Konishi*

Investigation
of crack desiccation in soil from a flood protection embankment, *A. Atique, M. Sanchez, and E. Romero*

Study
on the mesostructural evolution of unsaturated special soils with CT-triaxial
apparatus, *Z.H. Chen, S.J. Wang, Y.Q.
Zhu, and Z.H. Lu*

Cyclic
swell-shrink behavior of lime column stabilized expansive soil, *S. Bhuvaneshwari, R.G. Robinson, and S.R. Gandhi*

Shrinkage
development during soil desiccation, *S.
Costa and J. Kodikara*

Consolidation
behaviour of a desiccated expansive soil, *B.
Soundara and R.G. Robinson*

**Applications**

Bearing
capacity and settlement behavior of a strip footing on an unsaturated coarse-grained
soil, *Y. Lins, T. Schanz, and S.K.
Vanapalli*

Degradation
of partially saturated argillaceous rocks: Influence on the stability of
geotechnical structures, *J.A.
Pineda, M. De Gracia, and E. Romero*

Pre-
and post-construction characterization of an embankment fill material, *J.C. Rojas, C. Mancuso, and D. Danese*

Potential
use of induced soil-water repellency technique to improve the performance of
landfill’s alternative final cover systems, *E.
Dell’Avanzi, A.P. Guizelini, W.R. da Silva, and L.M. Nocko*

An
evaluation of horizontal membrane barriers in controlling longitudinal
cracking: Final comments, *C.R.
Clarke and J.B. Nevels, Jr.*

Overview
of the swelling problem in relation to injection of expanding resin in
expansive soils, *O.P. Buzzi, S.G. Fityus, and
S.W. Sloan*

Unsaturated
behaviour of tailings during deposition and desiccation cycles with reference to
closure design, *P.J. Chapman, D.J. Williams,
and T.K. Rohde*

Application
of vacuum and surcharge preloading combined method for soft ground improvement
in City Ring Expressway of Ningpo, *M.J. Gao, Y.H. Chen, T. Zhang, and Y.B. Gao*

Author
index

**Theoretical and Numerical Advances
in Unsaturated Soil Mechanics**

*Keynotes and overview lectures*

Constitutive
modeling: From isothermal to non-isothermal behavior of unsaturated soils, *Y.-J. Cui, and D.A. Sun*

Elasto-viscoplastic
constitutive modeling of the swelling process of unsaturated clay, *F. Oka, S. Kimoto, Y. Higo, and H. Feng*

Coupled
THMC modeling of unsaturated swelling clays: Constitutive formulation and
boundary value problems, *L
do N. Guimaraes, A. Gens, M. Sanchez, and S. Olivella*

What’s
up with clay and water molecules? A view into molecular interactions and
molecular responses in swelling clays, *D.R.
Katti, K.S. Katti, and S.M. Pradhan*

Effective
stress and drying response in a double porosity aggregated soil, *N. Khalili, and A. Bagherieh*

The
mega South-to-North Water Transfer Project in China – Unsaturated soil
mechanics aspects, *C.W.W. Ng, J. Xu, and L.T.
Zhan*

Laboratory
characterization of unsaturated soils for slope stability studies, *H. Rahardjo, E.C. Leong, and R.B. Rezaur*

Shear
strength of unsaturated soils and its applications in geotechnical engineering
practice, *S.K. Vanapalli*

Paradigm
shifts to facilitate the practice of unsaturated soil mechanics, *D.G. Fredlund*

Some
issues in constitutive modelling of unsaturated soils, *A. Gens*

**Constitutive modelling of unsaturated
soils**

Modeling
of suction effect on fabric yielding and kinematic hardening of reconstituted
soils, *C. Zhou*

Numerical
study of a new THM damage model for unsaturated geomaterials, *C. Arson and B. Gatmiri*

A
bounding surface plasticity-type model on unsaturated soils, *M. Morvan, H. Wong and D. Branque*

A
cyclic plasticity model for unsaturated geo-materials, *Y. Kohgo*

A
unified constitutive model for unsaturated soils based on Generalized
Plasticity Theory, *D. Manzanal, M. Pastor, and
J.A. Fernandez Merodo*

A
new approach to constitutive modelling of unsaturated soils using evolutionary polynomial
regression, *A.A. Javadi, A. Johari, A.
Ahangar-Asr, A. Faramarzi, and D.G. Toll*

Generalised
elasto-plastic stress-strain and modified suction-degree of saturation
relations of a fully coupled model

*M. Lloret, M. Sanchez, and
S.J. Wheeler*

Modelling
of overconsolidated unsaturated soils, *A.
Tsiampousi, L. Zdravkovic, and D.M. Potts*

Extension
of the Barcelona Basic Model considering subloading concept, *M.P. Cordao-Neto, M. Sanchez, M. Karstunen, and M.M.
de Farias*

Insights
into the links between microstructure and Bishop’s *χ *parameter for
unsaturated soils, *J.M. Pereira and E.E. Alonso*

Critical
state behaviour of a compacted unsaturated silty clay, *A.R. Bagherieh, G. Habibagahi, and A. Ghahramani*

Gas
diffusion coefficient in variably saturated peat soil: Measurements and test of
prediction models, *K. Kawamoto, M. Unno, K.
Iiduka, P. Moldrup, and T. Komatsu*

**Implementation and numerical modelling
of unsaturated soils**

Comparison
of explicit and implicit integration schemes for the Barcelona Basic Model, *W.T. Sołowski, M. Hofmann, and G. Hofstetter*

A
finite element simulator for mechanical behavior of unsaturated earth
structures exposed to evaporation and moisturization, *S.-I. Kanazawa, K. Kawai, A. Iizuka, S. Ohno, S.
Tachibana, P. Thirapong, and T. Takeyama*

Numerical
simulation of an expressway embankment slope failure, *Y. Nakata, D. Liu, M. Hyodo, N. Yoshimoto, and Y.
Kato*

Numerical
modeling on parametric study of multi-layer caps to restrict oxygen transport over
mine waste, *H. Kim and C.H. Benson*

Finite
element evaluation of deep-seated swell, *K.D.
Walsh, S.L. Houston, W.N. Houston, and A.M. Harraz*

**Shear strength and stiffness of
unsaturated soils**

A
simple model for predicting the shear modulus of unsaturated sandy soils, *W.T. Oh and S.K. Vanapalli*

Elastic
wave propagation in unsaturated soils; theoretical extensions, *I. Ashayeri, M. Kamalian and M.K. Jafari*

Evaluation
of shear strength equations for unsaturated soil, *S.G. Goh, H. Rahardjo, and E.C. Leong*

Impact
of stress state on the dynamic shear modulus of unsaturated, compacted soils
during drying, *A. Khosravi and J.S.
McCartney*

A
comparative study of shear strength equations for unsaturated soils, *D. Sheng and A.N. Zhou*

Establishing
unique relationship between minimum mobilised friction angle and axial strain
for anisotropic soil settlement model, *I.B.
Mohamed Jais and M.J.Md. Noor*

**Soil-water-environment interactions**

Predictions
of temperature and water content changes due to ground-atmospheric interactions,
*K.V. Bicalho and Y.J. Cui*

A
soil water characteristic curve transfer function of sands, *E. Imre, K. Rajkai, R. Genovese, and S. Fityus*

Estimation
of water characteristic curve based on the measurement of drying characteristic
curve of unsaturated sandy soil, *K.
Kamiya and M. Inoue*

Evaluation
of pedotransfer functions for soil-water characteristic curves of Japanese
sandy soils, *M. Tani, E.C. Leong, and K.
Tateyama*

Effect
of soil hydraulic conductivity on slope stability at a hillslope of weathered granitic
soil formation, *M. Mukhlisin and M.R. Taha*

Modelling
of the water phase in unsaturated soils, *Y.
Wang, G. Wu, and C. Melbourne*

Empirical
evaluation of the relationship between rainfalls and the degree of saturation
of shallow soils, *R. Valentino, L. Montrasio,
and G.L. Losi*

Basis
for a coupled flow-deformation model in unsaturated soils, *M. Oeser and N. Khalili*

Coupled
problem of saturated-unsaturated seepage flow and internal erosion of soils, *K. Fujisawa, D. Niina, A. Murakami, and S. Nishimura*

A
consideration on the fitting parameter of KITA-SAKO model, *K. Sako and R. Kitamura*

Influence
of the temperature on the water content curves: A micromechanical approach, *X. Chateau and T.B. Viet*

**Volume change behaviour of unsaturated
soils**

Analysis
of the collapse behaviour of a natural soil by using the Barcelona Basic Model,
*M.M.A. Mascarenha, M.P.
Cordao Neto, P. Murrieta, and E. Romero*

Yielding
surface model of volume change characteristics for unsaturated fine grained
soils, *Y. Al-Badran and T. Schanz*

Collapse
behavior simulation of granular material under general stress state with three dimensional
DEM analyses, *S. Kato, M.S. Jung, Y.
Kuriyama, J.G. Chae, and T. Sakakibara*

Yield
stress and volume change behaviour of unsaturated soils, *A.N. Zhou and D. Sheng*

Evolution
of the compaction process: Experimental study – preliminary results, *N. Kurucuk, J. Kodikara and D.G. Fredlund*

**Applications of unsaturated soils**

Effects
of reservoir level fluctuations on embankment stability based on the
constitutive model of unsaturated soils, *C.
Yong, L. Defu, and W. Shimei*

Modified
slope stability analysis for estimation of change in apparent cohesion, *E. Calo, Y. Inagaki, R. Kitamura, and K. Sako*

Modeling
of shallow slope failure using curved-surface envelope extended Mohr-Coulomb
model, *M.J.Md. Noor, B.A. Hadi, and
M.A. Hafez*

Slope
stability charts for shallow rainfall induced slope failure, *M.J.Md. Noor, I.B. Mohamed Jais, and B.A. Hadi*

Influence
of suction on the bearing capacity, *Z.
Cabarkapa*

Lateral
earth pressure on a wall in expansive soils, *G.T.
Hong, C.P. Aubeny, and R.L. Lytton*

The
MUSE network: Research outcomes, *D.G.
Toll, D. Gallipoli, C.E. Augarde, V. De Gennaro, C. Mancuso,*

A. Tarantino, J. Vaunat, and S.J. Wheeler

Author
index