Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterization 4

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Summary

Site characterization is a fundamental step towards the proper design, construction and long term performance of all types of geotechnical projects, ranging from foundation, excavation, earth dams, embankments, seismic hazards, environmental issues, tunnels, near and offshore structures. The Fourth International Conference on Site Characterization (ISC’4) was held in Porto de Galinhas, Pernambuco,Brazil, from 18 to 21 September 2012, under the responsibility of TC-102/TC-16 on In-Situ Testing of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE), the Brazilian Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ABMS), and the Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil (UFPE). Financial support of ISC4 was provided by the Brazilian National Science and Education Councils (CNPq, CAPES and FACEPE), sponsors and exhibitors and other organizations and companies.

The fourth conference followed the successful series of international conferences held in Atlanta (ISC-1, 1998), Porto (ISC-2, 2004), and Taipei (ISC-3, 2008). ISC’4 congregated several researchers, geotechnical engineers, and practitioners from all over the world involved with the conference general themes, namely practical application of novel and innovative technologies in geotechnical and geophysical engineering, along with their interpretation and utilization for the purposes of site characterization. The two volumes making up Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterization 4 contain 8 keynote Lectures prepared by experts in the field, including the 5th James K. Mitchell Lecture presented by Dr. Peter K. Robertson, and 4 Workshop Lectures and 217 technical papers from 40 different countries. The books are divided into 11 general themes:

1. Direct-push and Borehole-type in-situ test;

2. Development of new equipment and methods;

3. New approaches for interpreting data;

4. Applications to shallow and deep foundations;

5. Special uses of in-situ tests;

6. Site investigation for infrastructure projects;

7. Geophysical;

8. Seismic ground hazards;

9. Investigation in very soft to extremely soft soils;

10. Non-textbook type geomaterials;

11. Environmental geotechnics.

Geotechnical and Geophysical Site Characterization 4 will be much of interest to academics, engineers and professionals involved in Geotechnical Engineering.

Table of Contents

Introduction

VOLUME 1

Keynote lectures

The James K. Mitchell Lecture: Interpretation of in-situ tests—some insights
P.K. Robertson

Variable penetration rate cone testing for characterization of intermediate soils
J.T. DeJong, R.A. Jaeger, R.W. Boulanger, M.F. Randolph & D.A.J. Wahl

Combined use of geophysical methods in site characterization
S. Foti

Relating foundation capacity in sands to CPT qc
B.M. Lehane

Site characterization in nearshore and offshore geotechnical projects
J. Peuchen

Beyond coefficient of variation for statistical characterization of geotechnical parameters
K.K. Phoon & J. Ching

The mechanics of cone penetration: Contributions from experimental and theoretical studies
R. Salgado


Workshop lectures

Aspects on soil investigation for embankments on soft soil
D.A. Kort

The detection of hidden shear zones in clay: A relevant issue in landslide hazard assessment
L. Picarelli, L. Comegna, P. Tommasi & G. Urciuoli

Application of in situ testing in tailing dams, emphasis on liquefaction: Case-history
A.V. da Fonseca


Session report & papers technical session
1 Direct-push in-situ test – Theme 1 – Technical Session 1

In situ evaluation of relative density from piezocone penetration tests of clean sand from China
G.-J. Cai, S.-Y. Liu, Y. Cheng, Hai-feng Zou, G.-Y. Du, Bei-bei Ren & A.J. Puppala

Cyclic sleeve friction test for the design of piles under cyclic loading
P. Reiffsteck, A. Puech, S. Po, F. Pilnière & J. Gaschet

Centrifuge modelling of CPT in layered soils
P.Q. Mo, A.M. Marshall & H.-S. Yu

Interpretation of consolidation parameters from CPTU results in sensitive clays
A. Bihs, S. Nordal, N. Boylan & M. Long

Using CPT for management of filling work
H. Tanaka, T. Oka & T. Sakaiya

Use of CPTU and SDMT to characterise silty soil
R. Carroll, M. Long & D. Ward

SPT hammer motion and its effect on impact energy
C. Lee, S. An, W. Woo & W. Lee

Discrete element modelling of cone penetration tests in granular materials
O. Falagush, G. McDowell & H.-S. Yu

Piezocone sleeve friction setup in low plasticity clays of Green Bay, Wisconsin, USA
J.N. Hotstream & J.A. Schneider

Application of piezocone tests in the determination of non-hydrostatic distribution of water pressure in mine tailings profiles
W. Tschuschke, M. Kroll & M. Walczak

Impact of effective area ratio assumption on PCPT-based soil classification
Y. Hatipkarasulu & M.T. Tümay

Stress history of Venice Lagoon sands from DMT and CPTU
P. Monaco, S. Amoroso, D. Marchetti, G. Totani, S. Cola & P. Simonini

CPTU and DMT for estimating soil unit weight of Lake Bonneville clay
A.T. Ozer, S.F. Bartlett & E.C. Lawton


2 Direct-push in-situ test – T1 – TS4

Session report: Direct push-in in situ test
Z. Młynarek

A comparative study of soil-rock total sounding and CPTu in glacial deposits
G. Nilsson & H. Löfroth

Measurements of energy and dynamic force using instrumented SPT in a soil profile and wave propagation analysis
V.H. Restrepo, J.A. Rodríguez & E.P. Nicolas

CPTs executed in difficult conditions using CPTWD (Cone Penetration Test While Drilling) and its future developments
M. Sacchetto & A. Trevisan

The seismic SPT to determine the maximum shear modulus
R.A.A. Pedrini & H.L. Giacheti

In-situ evaluation of compressibility for normally consolidated clays using PCPT
J.S. Lee, D. Park & D. Kyung

Comparison of predicted embankment settlement from piezocone penetration test with field measurement and laboratory estimated
M. Abu-Farsakh & X. Yu

Evaluation of deep sand unit weight estimated from CPT
V.K. Singh & S.G. Chung

Behavior of the Standard Penetration Test (SPT) in sandy deposits
N.T. Dung & S.G. Chung

Experiences in the use of DMT—SDMT in Costa Rica, Central America
L.A. Vargas & M. Coto-Loría

Secondary compression of Venice Lagoon sands and silts from CPTU
S. Bersan, S. Cola, P. Simonini, G. Gottardi & L. Tonni

Energy ratio of SPT practice performed in Thailand
S. Yimsiri

Measuring energy in dynamic probing
S.J. Ibáñez, C. Sagaseta & V. López

Piezocone testing for use in the classification of soil behavior and flow characteristics: An experience carried out in Suape, Pernambuco
M.I.M.C.V. Bello & R.Q. Coutinho

Site characterisation by in situ and laboratory tests of the sea bed in the Genova Harbour, Italy
A. Cavallaro, S. Grasso, M. Maugeri & E. Motta


3 Geotechnical profiling and measurement of soil stiffness – T1 – TS7

Session report: Geotechnical profiling and “in situ” measurement of soil stiffness
M. Arroyo

Experimental study of drilling parameters using a test embankment
G. Laudanski, P. Reiffsteck, J.-L. Tacita, G. Desanneaux & J. Benoît

Determination of soil stiffness parameters using in-situ seismic methods-insight in repeatability and methodological aspects
T. Godlewski & T. Szczepański

Determining G-γ decay curves in sand from a Seismic Dilatometer Test (SDMT)
S. Amoroso, B.M. Lehane & M. Fahey

Two in one: Parallel seismic for foundation length determination and downhole seismic for soil properties using a single borehole
E. Niederleithinger

Geotechnical and geophysical characterization of a pile test site in post-glacial soil
E. Niederleithinger, M. Baessler, M. Herten, M. Rumpf & J. Tronicke

Building a robust geological model to support geotechnical analysis
M.A. Tutton, R. David, G.E. Meyer, P.M. Rao & C.A. Waterton

Determination of hydraulic conductivity from piezocone tests
Q. Wang, L. Tong, S. Liu & Q. Wang

Site characterization by Seismic Dilatometer (SDMT) in the area of L’Aquila following the April 6, 2009 earthquake
S. Amoroso, P. Monaco, F. Totani, G. Totani & D. Marchetti

Use of the Seismic Dilatometer (SDMT) to estimate in situ G-γ decay curves in various soil types
S. Amoroso, P. Monaco & D. Marchetti

Characterization of soft glacial soils: A tricky business
W. Steiner

In situ characterization of the Saint-Jude landslide, Quebec, Canada
A. Locat, S. Leroueil, P. Locat, D. Demers, D. Robitaille & G. Lefebvre

The ability of in situ tests to detect the soil region affected by an embankment on soft clay
G.M.F. Jannuzzi, F.A.B. Danziger, I.S.M. Martins & G.V.M. Guimarães

Continuous SCPT signal enhancement by identifying, quantifying and extracting frequency anomalies within statistically describable background noise
E. Baziw & G. Verbeek

Wireless in geotechnical engineering: A CPTUwl prototype
J.B. Martins, A.G. Correia, A. Teixeira & P.M. Mendes


4 Development of new equipment and methods – T2 – TS3

Session report: Development of new equipment and methods
J.A. Howie

Profiling hydraulic conductivity in situ
A.C. Larrabee, J. Benoît & P. Reiffsteck

A feasibility study of Standard Penetration Test with Torque measurement (SPT-T) in Iran
A. Heydarzadeh, A. Fakher & M. Moradi

A push-in earth pressure cell for estimating soil properties
A.J. Lutenegger

The design, development and application of a new DMT
R. Colcott & B.M. Lehane

Effects of time dependency on earth pressure measurements taken by inclinodeformometer
M.V. Schwager, P.W. Oberender & A.M. Puzrin

Detection of ground movements using soil-embedded distributed fiber optic sensors
D. Hauswirth, M. Iten & A.M. Puzrin

High yield electrical prospection for characterization of soil
O. Guerrero, J.F. Lataste & A. Marache

Piezoball testing in soft lake sediments
C. Colreavy, C.D. O’Loughlin & D. Ward

The Geomechameter, an in-situ apparatus adapted to the suffusion measurement
J. Monnet

Determination of axial resistance of deep foundations using torque penetrometer test
N.W. Wainaina, D.G. Li, M.A. Wang, N.R. Boyette & G.C. Bodenheimer

Development and application of cone resistivity penetrometer
H.K. Yoon, Y.M. Kim, Y.H. Byun & J.S. Lee

A new coring method: Controlled penetration speed
M. Magagnoli

Cyclic multi-piezo-friction sleeve penetrometer testing for liquefaction assessment
J.D. Frost, A. Martínez & G.L. Hebeler

An innovative low-cost SDMT marine investigation for the evaluation of the liquefaction potential in the Genova Harbour, Italy
A. Cavallaro, S. Grasso, M. Maugeri & E. Motta

Some considerations about SOA-1 summary (Alexandria 2009)
G. Togliani

A submersible drill rig for coring soils and rocks
M. Devincenzi, N.P. García, K. Samoili & M. Arroyo


5 Development of new equipment and methods – T2 – TS6

Session report: Applications of shear wave velocity on various geotechnical problems
D.-S. Kim, J.-U. Youn & H.-J. Park

Settlement calculation and back-analysis of soil properties for a test embankment on a soft clay ground improved by PVD and vacuum-assisted preloading at a site in Vung Tau, Vietnam
N.D. Quang, S.M. Dang & T.H. Seah

A local geological-geotechnical classification for preliminary characterization of coarse grain alluviums
A. Cheshomi & A. Fakher

Comparative analysis of methodics of testing pile by ASTM and GOST standards
A.Zh. Zhussupbekov, A.S. Tulebekova, R. Lukpanov & T. Muzdybayeva

Behaviour of reinforced beach sand under the effect of rapid impact loading
F. Daliri & A.K. Khaniki

Shear wave velocity via inversion of full waveforms
K.T. Tran & D.R. Hiltunen

Quality assessment of soil-cement column using electrical resistivity
M.J. Arai, M. Fujii, K. Watanabe & K. Cholho

The use of trench cutter for diaphragm walls in urban applications and cut off walls in challenging ground conditions
F.-W. Gerressen

Profiling subsurface stratigraphy using torque measurements from installation of a helical plate
A.J. Lutenegger & G.L. Seider

A new Swedish large-diameter sampler for soft and sensitive clays
R. Larsson, H. Åhnberg & H. Löfroth

On the use of penetration tests and geophysical methods for mapping of quick clay deposits
R. Larsson & K. Lundström

A probabilistic method to assess the subsurface erosion of non-cohesive soils
B. Zakizadeh, O. Naeeni & A. Fakher

Geotechnical site characterisation for future Superporto Do Açu, Brazil
R.G. Escoubès, M. Devincenzi & S. Peña

Characterization of the susceptibility of the soils to internal erosion
J. Monnet, O. Plé, D.M. Nguyen & P. Plotto

Soil improvement using electro-osmotic chemical treatment with harmonic waves
S.-C. Chien, C.-Y. Ou & F.-C. Teng

An experimental study to understand the creeping displacement behavior of landslides soils in residual-state of shear
A.D.R. Bhat, R.C. Tiwari, B.N.P. Bhandary & R. Yatabe

Effects of curing time on the tensile characteristics of lightly stabilized granular base materials
D.K. Paul & C.T. Gnanendran


6 New approaches for interpreting data – T3 – TS9

Session report: New approaches for interpreting testing data
F. Schnaid

Unified interpretation approach applied to a CPTU based project
S. Rios & A.V. da Fonseca

Effect of penetration rate on piezocone parameters in two silty deposits
Y. Suzuki, B.M. Lehane & A. Fourie

3D DEM simulations of CPT in sand
J. Butlanska, M. Arroyo & A. Gens

Prediction of bearing capacity from steel piles using dynamic energy transfer measurements
M.J. Langone & F. Schnaid

Investigation on inherent variability of soil properties from cone penetration test
R.J. Chenari, M.S. Seyedein, S. Faraji & A.E. Kenarsari

Comparative study of the SPT penetration resistance measured in two seasons in a tropical soil
S.F. Marchezini, R.P. Cunha & W. Conciani

Effects of data smoothing and reduction on CPT-based probabilistic soil classification
M.T. Tümay & Y. Hatipkarasulu

Aspects influencing stiffness on a granite residual soil
A.T. Gomes & A.V. da Fonseca

The influence of sand density on SPT × CPT correlations and its outcome on pile foundation
J.M.S. de Souza, B.R. Danziger & F.A.B. Danziger

Experimental soil dynamic force: An improvement of Standard Penetration Test (SPT) interpretation
J.A. Lukiantchuki, G.P. Bernardes & E.R. Esquivel

Analysis of sampler-soil interaction mechanism on dynamic penetration tests
B.O. Lobo, F. Schnaid, M.M. Rocha & J.A. Howie

The joint evaluation of some pore water pressure and cone resistance dissipation test records
L. Bates, D. Bishop, S. Fityus, M. Hegedüs & E. Imre

CPT and TCPT in permafrost: Constant rate and relaxation-creep penetrometer test procedures
O.N. Isaev

Evaluation of shear wave velocities using SPT-based uphole: A case study from Erbaa (Tokat-Turkey)
M.K. Akin, S.L. Kramer & T. Topal

Unit weight trends with cone resistance in soft to firm clays
P.W. Mayne & J. Peuchen

Cluster analysis and pressuremeter survey—the Grays Harbor site
J. Monnet, J. Hughes & J. Dafni

The measurement of energy reaching the sampler in SPT
C.M. Santana, F.A.B. Danziger & B.R. Danziger

The possibility for soil and layer boundary characterization with CPTu dissipation test in estuary environment
D. Bishop, L. Bates, S. Fityus, M. Hegedüs & E. Imre


VOLUME 2

7 New approaches for interpreting data – T3 – TS12

Session report: New approaches for interpreting data
J. Benoît

A new approach for identification of soil behaviour type from seismic dilatometer (SDMT) data
I. Rivera-Cruz, J.A. Howie, L.A. Vargas, M. Coto-Loría & O. Luna-González

Comparative study of the spatial variability of shear strength parameter from different test methods
E. Zeinali & F. Kalantary

Comparing the ground resistivity measured by DC and capacitively-coupled resistivity methods
Q. Niu & Y.H. Wang

Predicting reliable soil profile using electrical resistivity survey
M.A. Dafalla & F.A. Fouzan

Simulation of laterally loaded foundation groups via Menárd pressuremeter tests
R.P. Cunha, J. Veverka & R.G.M. Santos

A specific protocol to characterize Intermediate Geomaterials (IGM). The case of Porto granites
N. Cruz, A.V. da Fonseca & C. Rodrigues

Determination of error propagation of “In Situ” tests resulting from its measuring accuracy
C. Mateus, L.P. Machado, N. Cruz & M. Cruz

Mapping of quick clay using sounding methods and resistivity in the Göta River valley
H. Löfroth, P. Suer, D. Schälin, T. Dahlin & V. Leroux

Stress-strain hyperbolic curves with Ménard PMTs
J.-P. Baud, M.P. Gambin & F. Schlosser

Deriving interval velocities from downhole seismic data
E. Baziw & G. Verbeek

Penetration rate effects on cone resistance measured in a calibration chamber
R. Salgado, M. Prezzi, K. Kim & W. Lee

An estimate of young moduli in sands from N60 blow count
A.C. de Freitas, M.P. Pacheco & B.R. Danziger

Lithuanian approach to EN 1997-1 Eurocode 7 of the determination of characteristic parameters values
S. Anilionis

Comparative analysis of soils according to grain-size distribution, physical state and geotechnical investigation methods
S. Anilionis


8 Applications to shallow and deep foundations – T4 – TS8

Session report: Session TS8-T4: Applications to shallow and deep foundations
P.W. Mayne

Estimation of vertical bearing capacity of piles using the results CPT and SPT tests
M. Karimpour-Fard & A. Eslami

Case study of a micropiled raft foundation design in soft calcareous sandy soil in Kerman, Iran
M. Momeni, H. Yazdani, K. Fakharian, A. Shafiee, J. Salajegheh & E. Salajegheh

Numerical analysis versus in plate load tests on cemented soil layers overlaying weaker soil
V.P. Faro & N.C. Consoli

Pullout tests on plates backfill with sand and cemented sand
C.A. Ruver, F. Schnaid & N.C. Consoli

The use of CPT to evaluate the effect of helical pile installation in tropical soils
T.C. Santos, C.H.C. Tsuha & H.L. Giacheti

Determination of pile capacity of instrumented pre-cast concrete piles in an unsaturated Brazilian soil using CPT and SPT-T tests
P.J.R. Albuquerque & D. Carvalho

The use of standard penetration test for the characterization of North Central Nigeria soils
K.J. Osinubi, A. Medubi & A.O. Eberemu

Site characterization based on micropile loading test in sandy and clayey soils
M. Sabermahani, M. Nasr & H.R. Elahi

Undrained shear strength for foundation design at the Luva deep water field in the Norwegian Sea
T. Lunne, K.H. Andersen, S.L. Yang, T.I. Tjelta & P.J. Strøm

Axial response of driven piles in clays from seismic piezocone tests
F.S. Niazi, P.W. Mayne & D.J. Woeller

The use of in-situ site investigation techniques for the axial design of offshore piles
D.J.P. Igoe, K.G. Gavin, B.C. O’Kelly & B. Byrne

Direct SPT method for footing response in sands using a database approach
M.L. Viswanath & P.W. Mayne


9 Special uses of in-situ tests – T5 – TS11

Session report: Special uses of in-situ tests
N. Cruz

Geophysical assessment of flood embankments
M. Zielinski, G. Jones & P. Sentenac

Latest experiences in complex soil investigation in the Spanish Plateau of Castile
S.O. Palacio, J.A.P. Benito

Site characterization alternatives for numerical models of a deep excavation
N. Sau, M. Arroyo & A. Gens

Centrifuge tests to evaluate the Po river bank seismic response
D. Giretti, V. Fioravante & L. Martelli

Deformation characteristics of overconsolidated subsoil from CPTU and SDMT tests
Z. Młynarek, J. Wierzbicki & K. Stefaniak

Applications of geophysical techniques to assess excavations
A.B. Espinosa, E. Aracil & L.M. García

Integrated pile design analysis in high plasticity soft soils using in-situ geotechnical characterization and non destructive pile testing
J.A. Rodríguez, E.P. Velandia & V.H. Restrepo

Settlement prediction of large scale plate load test using shear wave velocity profile
N.R. Kim, H.-J. Park & D.-S. Kim

Rock engineering investigation and remediation for unstable hill rock slope: A new approach
R.K. Panigrahi & M. Rout

The analysis of geotechnical properties for civil engineering and technological project of natural underground gas storage near Sanok (SE Poland)
Z. Bednarczyk

Landslide geotechnical investigations and monitoring along Szymbark-Szalowa public road (Polish Carpathians)
Z. Bednarczyk


10 Site investigation for infrastructure projects

Session report: Site investigation for infrastructure projects—TS10—T6
J. Monnet

Shear resistance by the DPL Nilsson test
T.U. Nilsson

Shear wave profiles in tertiary marine sediments in west central South Carolina
T. Ku, P.W. Mayne & B.J. Gutierrez

Geophysical surveys in shallow water for near shore bridge project
K.C. Birid & K.V.S. Bharatkumar

Geotechnical characterization of subsoil along “Emisor Oriente” tunnel in Mexico City
G. Auvinet-Guichard, M. Juárez-Camarena, F. Hernández-Vizcarra & E.M. Sánchez

Multi-model subsurface evaluation for Louisiana I-10 bridge replacement using electronic CPT
M.T. Tümay, Y. Hatipkarasulu, E.R. Marx & B. Cotton

Rock slope stability and rockfalls at Werka descent mountainous road west Saudi Arabia
B.H. Sadagah

Methodology and case history of hybrid seismic surveying in combination with Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW): A useful tool for the detection of rock and soil instability zones 1
W. Frei

Effect of variability of soil properties on consolidation settlement 1
D.-S. Kim, W. Lee, Y.H. Chae & S. Ko

Reliability of pressuremeter tests
M. Cabrera, M. Combarros & A. Macedo

Non-invasive method of estimation of stiffness of near surface material using surface wave
A. Cichowicz, D. Birch & H. Ogasawara

The use of MASW method in the site investigation of IC3 route—Vila Nova da Barquinha-Chamusca, Portugal
I.F. Lopes & J.A. Santos

Ground survey for D-runway project at Tokyo Haneda Airport
Y. Watabe, M. Tanaka & T. Noguchi

Use of GPR to identify metal bars and layer thickness in a rigid pavement
L.A. Silva, W.R. Borges, L.S. Cunha, M.G.C. Branco & M.M. Farias

Support to urban planning from geotechnical map built on SPT data at Porto Velho-RO, Brazil
A.C.S. Correa, G. Salamon, M.D. Ensslin, N.M. Souza & F.R. Pinheiro


11 Geophysical T7 – TS2

Session report: Report and discussion—technical session geophysical surveys using mechanical waves, and/or electromagnetic techniques
C. Comina & S. Foti

Use of geophysical techniques for the localization of the restricting zones of permeability in the bottom of basin: Forecast the zones of clogging
I. Alimi-Ichola, S. Bouchemella & F.C. Mahler

The use of geophysical methods to investigate a contaminated site with organochlorine
O.C.B. Gandolfo, G. Mondelli & R.G. Blanco

Vibratory sources for continuous surface wave testing
G. Heymann

Application of the GPR in real-life situations in geotechnical engineering
D. Franco, C. Cardoso, A. Machado & R. Gonçalves

Combined use of geophysical tests for the characterization of a pyroclastic slope
R.M. Cosentini, S. Foti & G. Sorbino

Application of electromagnetic techniques (Georadar) to investigate Burgos Cathedral subsoil and foundation
A.B. Espinosa, L.M. García & E. Aracil

Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) on site for survey of natural clayey soil water content
M. Chrétien, J.F. Lataste & R. Fabre

Laboratorial S-wave measurements with buried geophones in a large calibration box
F. Almeida, L. Café, N. Cruz & C. Rodrigues

Round Robin Test for comparative study of in-situ seismic tests
D.-S. Kim, H.-J. Park & E.S. Bang

Subsoil caves characterization by means of the interpretation of electrical resistivity tomography: Application to Clunia and Atapuerca archaeological sites
J.A. Porres, S. Ortíz & S.J. Ibáñez

Subsurface CO2 leakage: Lab-scale study of salient characteristics and assessment of borehole-based detection using resistivity tomography
E.S. Bang, J.S. Son & J.C. Santamarina


12 Seismic ground hazards – T8 – TS5

Session report: Seismic ground hazards
A.B. Huang

Comparison of underwater MASW, seismic CPT and downhole methods offshore Croatia
L. Paoletti, E. Mouton & I. Liposcak

Performance assessment of H/V and SSR microtremor analysis methods in Kamyaran city, Iran
M. Maazalahi & H. Hashemi

CPT evaluation of liquefaction mitigation with stone columns in interbedded silts and sands
K.M. Rollins, A. Wright, D. Sjoblom, N. White & C. Lange

Joint application of low-cost, fast executable and non-invasive geophysical techniques during emergency and microzonation study: Hints from L’Aquila (Italy) earthquake
M.R. Gallipoli, A. Giocoli & S. Piscitelli

In situ evaluation of K0 using piezocone tests for bridge foundations
L. Tong, S. Liu, W. Qiang, G.-Y. Du & G.J. Cai

Investigation of vibratory compaction effect: A case study in China
Y. Cheng, Z. Liu, S. Liu & Q. Bo

Chinese Dynamic Penetration Tests (CDPT) at liquefaction sites following 2008 Wenchuan earthquake
Z. Cao, X. Yuan, T.L. Youd & K.M. Rollins

S-wave velocity structure of Mexico City obtained from three-component microtremor measurements and microtremor array measurements
K. Hayashi, A. Nozu, M. Tanaka, H. Suzuki & E.S. Ovando

The potential of liquefaction-induced lateral spreading in Erbaa (Tokat-Turkey)
M.K. Akin, S.L. Kramer & T. Topal

Railway earthwork stability assessment using geophysics
S. Donohue, K.G. Gavin & A. Tolooiyan


13 Investigation in very soft to extremely soft soils – T9 – TS13

Session report: Investigation in very soft to extremely soft soils
M. Almeida

Geotechnical zoning territory of new capital Astana
A.Zh. Zhussupbekov & N.T. Alibekova

Characterization of soft organic subgrade using Piezocone penetration testing
K. Sobhan, B.M. Das & R.M.Z. Reza

Investigations on stiffness anisotropy of soft clay with electro-osmosis chemical treatment
F.-C. Teng, C.-Y. Ou & S.-C. Chien

Sampling effect in a structured collapsible soil
V.A. Rinaldi & J.A. Capdevila

Geotechnical site characterization for reservoir sediment
C.C. Wang, A.B. Huang, Y.T. Ho & J.T. Lee

Site investigation for the stabilization of Cantagalo Park, Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
M.S.S. de Almeida, D.A. Hartmann, M. Riccio, M.P.P. Guimarães, M.A. de Mello & L.O. Vieira

Geotechnical model development for a very soft estuarine clay with MASW geophysics, in-situ and laboratory testing
R.B. Kelly & R.J. Whiteley

Settlement analysis of a cylindrical tank based on CPTU and SDMT results
Z. Młynarek, S. Gogolik, M. Gryczmański & R. Uliniarz

Geotechnical properties of soft to very soft clays of the left bank of the Port of Santos
C.N. Takaki, L.G.F.S. de Mello & W. Bilfinger

Soil microscopy by nano technology of vertical geodrain reinforced coastal soil mass in accelerating road embankment construction
M.V. Shah & A.V. Shroff

In situ and laboratory parameters of extremely soft organic clay deposits
M. Baroni & M.S.S. de Almeida

Evaluation of sample quality and correction of compressibility parameters results to account for the effects of sample disturbance: Experience at Suape in Pernambuco
R.Q. Coutinho & M.I.M.C.V. Bello

Undrained strength and overconsolidation ratio parameters of suape soft clays, Pernambuco
R.Q. Coutinho & M.I.M.C.V. Bello


14 Non-textbook type geomaterials – T10 – TS14

Session report: Non-textbook type geomaterials
H.L. Giacheti

Shear strength modeling of gravel formation using distinct element method
S.-C. Hsu, S.-C. Lin & W. Hsu

An overview on existing dynamic cone penetration test research related to the Central Area of Brazil
L.C. Figueiredo, R.P. Cunha & W. Conciani

Swell—shrink behavior of expansive soils stabilized with eco-cement
M. Aniculăesi, A. Stanciu & I. Lungu

Geotechnical characterization of inert debris fills
D.P. Coduto, K. McMillan, J.M. Scott, B.D. Constant & K. Tam

Cementation effect on various in-situ tests
M.J. Lee, Y.M. Choi, Y.H. Chae & W. Lee

G0 profiling in mine tailings based on SCPTU and SDMT
W. Tschuschke, G. Kmiecik & A. Mikos

Refining estimates of foundation settlements due to consolidation of fine-grained tailings deposits
E.M. Hann, S.V. Mills, B.A. Shipton, S.E. Dickenson & C.J. Rose

Bending fracture behavior of ductile-fiber-reinforced cementitious composites
K. Watanabe, M. Fujii, M. Nakamura & J.M. Arai

Detecting the presence of cementation structures in soils, based in DMT interpreted charts
N. Cruz, C. Rodrigues & A.V. da Fonseca

Dewatering of a bauxite tailing using electrockinetics phenomena
L.D. Ferreira & R.C. Gomes

Cement-treated soil: Experience in the work rehabilitation of National Route No 7—Section: Crossing La Picasa Lagoon through existing road
J.E. Ramoneda, F. Gerbaudo & J. Viozzi


15 Environmental characterization and extended geotechnics

Session report TS15-T11, ISC-4: Environmental characterization and extended geotechnics
M. Devincenzi

Site investigation of a pesticide contaminated factory based on in-situ resistivity piezocone tests in Southeastern China
S. Liu, G.-J. Cai, Y.-J. Du, H.-F. Zou, R.-D. Fan & A.J. Puppala

Geophysical site characterization for a large landslide 3-D modeling
R. Passalacqua, R. Bovolenta, D. Spallarossa & R.D. Ferrari

The use of Osterberg cell load tests to predict piles resistance
A. Pinto & X. Pita

Interpretation of in situ and laboratory thermal measurements resulting in accurate thermogeological characterization
P. Hemmingway & M. Long

Electrical resistivity tomography: Combined field and laboratory experiments for the characterization and monitoring of hydrocarbon pollution
A. Arato, R.M. Cosentini, G.D. Vecchia, S. Foti, A. Godio & G. Musso

Class A predictions and benefits derived from their analyses
L. Décourt

Detection of LNAPLs by means of amplitude domain reflectometry
F.M. Francisca, M.A. Montoro, A. Krapp & L.A. Capdevila

Variation of in situ parameters with change of gravimeter water content
J.-C. Gress & J.-P. Demartinecourt

Testing block samples from silty deposits
J.A. Pineda, M. Arroyo, N. Sau, A. Gens & N. Pérez

Characterization challenges for analyses of single piles under lateral impact loading
C.D. Rice, M.A. Pando & D.C. Weggel

Evaluation of the collapsibility of soils in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil
S.R.M. Ferreira & S.P. Fucale

Comparison of estimated settlements from CPTu and SDMT in organic soils
A. Drevininkas, G. Creer & M. Nkemitag

Effect of uncertainty in soil and structure parameters for buried pipes
S. Imanzadeh, A. Denis & A. Marache

Recent developments in deepwater investigations using a seafloor drill
P.K. Robertson, J. Gregg, T. Boyd & C. Drake

Geotechnical laboratory tests on soil samples recovered from eastern Nankai Trough
S. Nishio, E. Ogisako, A. Denda, H. Tanaka, M. Hyodo, T. Mitachi & H. Hirakawa

Author index