Life-Cycle and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructure Systems

Life-Cycle and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructure Systems: Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE'12), Vienna, Austria, October 3-6, 2012

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Features

  • Provides up-to-date overview of the field of life-cycle and sustainability in civil engineering
  • Makes significant contributions to the decision-making process for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of society
  • Addresses all major aspects of life-cycle civil engineering
  • A valuable source of information for anyone interested in life-cycle and sustainability of civil infrastructure systems

Summary

Life-Cycle and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructure Systems contains the lectures and papers presented at the Third International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE 2012) held in one of Vienna’s most famous venues, the Hofburg Palace, October 3rd-6th, 2012. This volume consists of a book of extended abstracts (516 pp) and a DVD-ROM with 344 full papers (2515 pp) presented at IALCCE 2012, including the Fazlur R. Khan Lecture, 10 Keynote Lectures, and 333 Technical Papers from 52 countries.

All major aspects of life-cycle civil engineering are addressed, including aging of structures, deterioration modeling, durable materials, earthquake and accidental loadings, sustainability, fatigue and damage, structure-environment interaction, design for durability, failure analysis and risk prevention, lifetime structural optimization, long-term performance analysis, performance-based design, service life prediction, time-variant reliability, uncertainty modeling, damage identification, field testing, health monitoring, inspection and evaluation, maintenance strategies, rehabilitation techniques, strengthening and repair, structural integrity, decisionmaking processes, human factors in life-cycle engineering, life-cycle cost models, project management, lifetime risk analysis and optimization, whole life costing, artificial intelligence methods, bridges and viaducts, high rise buildings, offshore structures, precast systems, runway and highway pavements, tunnels and underground structures.

This volume provides both an up-to-date overview of the field of life-cycle and
sustainability in civil engineering and significant contributions to the decisionmaking
process for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of society. The aim of the editors is to provide a valuable source of information for anyone interested in life-cycle and
sustainability of civil infrastructure systems, including students, researchers and
practitioners from all areas of engineering and industry.

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements
Symposium organization


FAZLUR R. KHAN LECTURE

Fazlur Khan’s legacy: Towers of the future
M. Sarkisian


KEYNOTE LECTURES

Lessons from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake: Emphasis on life-cycle structural performance
M. Akiyama & D.M. Frangopol

Minimizing the effects of uncertainty in life-cycle engineering
A.H.-S. Ang

Pervasive lifetime inadequacy of long-span box girder bridges and lessons for multi-decade creep prediction
Z.P. Bažant, R.Wendner, M.H. Hubler & Q. Yu

Life-cycle design for the world’s longest tunnel project
K. Bergmeister

Computational methods for time-variant structural reliability analysis
C. Bucher

Durability related life-cycle assessment of concrete structures: Mechanisms, models, implementation
H. Budelmann, A. Holst & A.Wachsmann

Life-cycle performance goals for civil infrastructure intergenerational risk-informed decisions
B.R. Ellingwood

Structural damage accumulation and control for life-cycle optimum seismic performance of buildings
L. Esteva, O.J. Díaz-López, A. Vásquez & J.A. León

Sustainable design of structures: The outcomes of the COST Action C25-WG3
R. Landolfo

Sustainable asset preservation at the Austrian Federal Railways
A. Matthä


MINI-SYMPOSIA

Vibration-based health monitoring, damage identification, and parameter estimation for civil engineering structures
Organizers: C. Papadimitriou, G. Lombaert, G. De Roeck & E. Reynders

Dynamic methods for health monitoring and structural identification of bridges
F. Benedettini, A. Morassi & F. Vestroni

Structural health monitoring of a centenary iron arch bridge
F. Busatta, C. Gentile & A. Saisi

Structural identification of a super-tall tower by GPS and accelerometer data fusion using a multi-rate Kalman filter
E.N. Chatzi & C. Fuggini

Maintenance and rehabilitation of 19th century masonry buildings – life-cycle aspects
A. Kolbitsch

Dynamic damage identification using linear and nonlinear testing methods on a two-span prestressed concrete bridge
J. Mahowald, S. Maas, F. Scherbaum, D.Waldmann & A. Zuerbes

Structural health monitoring from on-line monitored vibration measurements
T.S. Maung, H.-P. Chen & A. Alani

Damage detection on the Champangshiehl bridge using blind source separation
V.H. Nguyen, C. Rutten, J.-C. Golinval, J. Mahowald, S. Maas & D.Waldmann

Fast Bayesian structural damage localization and quantification using high fidelity FE models and CMS techniques
D.-C. Papadioti & C. Papadimitriou

Output-only structural health monitoring by vibration measurements under changing weather conditions
E. Reynders, G.Wursten & G. De Roeck

Influence of the prediction error correlation model on Bayesian FE model updating results 86
E. Simoen, C. Papadimitriou, G. De Roeck & G. Lombaert

Hybrid genetic algorithm to system identification and damage assessment of a
high-rise building 87
G.S.Wang & F.K. Huang

Non-stationary random vibration for a high-pier bridge under vehicular loads 88
X.F. Yin, Y. Liu, J.R. Zhang & C.S. Cai

Monitoring of a riveted steel railway bridge 89
V. Zabel, A. Schmidt, I. Reichert & S. Höll

Fast Bayesian ambient modal identification with separated modes incorporating
multiple setups 90
F.L. Zhang & S.K. Au


Monitoring and assessment of bridges using novel techniques
Organizers: A. Strauss & D.M. Frangopol

Structural health monitoring system using recurrence quantification analysis of ambient vibration
H. Furuta, Y. Nomura, K. Nakatsu & K. Yoshida

Some difficult monitoring problems and some interesting outcomes
B. Harvey & H. Harvey

Dynamic testing and structural identification of “New People’s Bridge” in Verona
K. Islami, A. Bisson, F. Casarin & C. Modena

A year-long monitoring using in-service vibration data from a multi-span plate-Gerber bridge
C.W. Kim, S. Kitauchi, K. Sugiura & M. Kawatani

Optimised monitoring concepts for historical masonry arch bridges
A. Krawtschuk, O. Zeman, A. Strauss, C. Scheidl, M. Chiari & D. Proske

Bayesian forecasting of structural bending capacity of aging bridges based on dynamic linear model
D.G. Lu & X.P. Fan

Service life management of infrastructure systems – application of corrosion and moisture monitoring
T.F. Mayer & Ch. Sodeikat

Structural monitoring of a steel bridge with the longest arch span in Poland – selected issues
H. Onysyk

New approaches in evaluating vibration and physical monitoring techniques
M. Österreicher, A. Strauss, K. Bergmeister & L. Ibáñez

Maintenance life-cycle costs for bridges of Egnatia Motorway, Northern Greece, considering their seismic risk assessment
P. Panetsos, A. Liolios, K. Liolios, N. Theodoulidis & P. Spyridis

Prediction of fatigue damage accumulation in metallic structures by the estimation of strains from operational vibrations
C. Papadimitriou, E.-M. Lourens, G. Lombaert, G. De Roeck & K. Liu

Reliability-based inspection planning with application to orthotropic bridge deck structures subjected to fatigue
R. Schneider, S. Thöns & D. Straub

Probabilistic fatigue crack growth modeling for reliability-based inspection planning
R. Schneider, S. Thöns & D. Straub

Detection of traffic loads by structural and geodetic measurements
C. von der Haar, S. Marx, M. Hansen & H. Neuner


Maintenance and rehabilitation of aged bridges
Organizers: M.A. Ahrens & P. Mark

Precision-assessment of lifetime prognoses based on SN-approaches of RC-structures exposed to fatigue loads
M.A. Ahrens

Structural flexibility in relation to integrated service life design of buildings
R. Blok & E. Koopman

Modern bridge stock management in a regional metropolis – structural assessment, data management and cost control
A. Blome, H. Neuß, P. Mark & U. Lambertz

Strengthening of existing bridge decks by additional concrete layers – new research results and design rules
J. Feix &A. Andreatta

Inspection and maintenance of the orthotropic deck of Avonmouth Bridge
B.I. Frey

Asset management and life-cycle cost optimization for bridges on network, asset and element level
M. Hoffmann &A. Kammersberger

Analysis of influential factors and association rules for bridge deterioration using national bridge inventory data
R.-Y. Huang & P.-F. Chen

Examples of different strategies of bridge preservation: Part 1
T. Klöker & D. Lehnen

Examples of different strategies of bridge preservation: Part 2
D. Lehnen &T. Klöker

Research on computational method on the flexural bearing capacity of a box girder strengthened with carbon fiber sheets
X. Liu,W.Wang, Y. Chen & Y.Wei

Technical cycle of modern bridge maintenance – an overview
P. Mark, M.A. Ahrens & Ch. Fust

The application of sacrificial cathodic protection as a corrosion control measure for the protection of reinforced concrete bridges
M. Moore, F. Jesmin, S. Tao &A. Beedles

Nondestructive evaluation of stress state of steel bars reinforcing concrete structures
E. Schneider, S.-K. Balijepalli, Ch. Boller, P. Bindseil & W. Kurz

Bridge management and effective tools to ensure sustainable construction schedules
T. Tzaveas


Prediction models for ageing/deterioration
Organizer: M. Petschacher

Selective maintenance planning based on a Markovian approach
N. Basso, E. Garavaglia & L. Sgambi

Analytical prediction model for concrete cover cracking due to reinforcement corrosion
E. Bohner & H.S. Müller

Numerical analysis of degradation processes in reinforced concrete during life-cycle
F. Cramer, U. Kowalsky & D. Dinkler

Optimal next inspection time for bridges based on corrosion deterioration
D. De León, C. González-Pérez, V. Bisadi, P. Gardoni, M. Head & S. Hurlebaus

Modelling of the saturation behaviour of hardened cement paste during freezing and thawing action
Z. Djuric, M. Haist, H.S. Müller & E.H. Hardy

Seismic intensity parameters as damage potential descriptors for life-cycle analysis of buildings
A. Elenas, Ast. Liolios, L. Vasiliadis, M. Favvata & Ang. Liolios

Bridge maintenance education system based on E-learning
T. Koyama, K. Ishibashi, K. Nakatsu & H. Furuta

Structural, economic and environmental performance of fibre reinforced wood profiles vs. solutions made of steel and concrete
C. Manthey, E. Guenther, A. Heiduschke & P. Haller

A stochastic prediction model of degrading process for tunnel management systems
O. Maruyama, A. Sutoh, H. Tanaka &T. Satoh

Remaining life prediction of an aged bridge based on field inspections
A. Miyamoto

Gamma processes for the degradation analysis of engineering structures
A. Strauss, H. Abebe Demissie & K. Bergmeister

Bridge condition assessment based on long-term strain and vehicle monitoring
L.M. Sun & S.W. Sun

A consideration on the deterioration of tunnel lining based on actual inspection data
A. Sutoh, O. Maruyama, T. Sato & H. Nishi

Reliability of deterioration prediction with Markov model for mooring facilities
H. Yokota, K. Furuya, K. Hashimoto & S. Hanada


SPECIAL SESSIONS

Performance based evaluation of corrosion in reinforced and pre-stressed concrete structures
Organizer: U. Schneck

Corrosion-induced cracking evolution and reliability prediction of aging RC structures
H.-P. Chen & N. Xiao

Durability of cooling tower constructions and methods of their repair and reinforcement
M. Kaminski & M. Maszczak

Probabilistic assessment for structural performance of port RC structure
E. Kato, Y. Kawabata, M. Iwanami & H. Yokota

The impact of resistivity on potential mapping
S. Keßler & C. Gehlen

Non-destructive corrosion surveys: Methods and opportunities
U. Schneck

Approaches for non-destructive corrosion surveys of bridge decks from the soffit and under traffic: A case study
U. Schneck

Life-cycle design of concrete structures under consideration of advancing reinforcement corrosion
C. Siegert & M. Empelmann

Prediction of remaining service life of cracking concrete box girder bridges
Y. Xiang, J. Xu, L. Liu & X. Li

Life-cycle and reliability assessment of anchorage systems in concrete, masonry and steel construction
Organizers: R. Mihala & J. Hofmann

Aspects of long-term behaviour of power-actuated fastenings made to steel and concrete
H. Beck

Time-to-failure behavior of epoxy based bonded anchor systems
R. Blochwitz, J. Hofmann, R.A. Cook &T.M. Davis

Sustained load performance of adhesive anchor systems in concrete
T.M. Davis, R.A. Cook, R. Blochwitz & J. Hofmann

Service life design for bonded anchors – a rheological approach
T. Kraenkel, D. Lowke & C. Gehlen

Gluing to masonry for efficient and sustainable anchoring
C. Kurz & J. Hofmann

Implementation of the basic requirement “sustainability” on construction works according to the construction products regulation in the field of anchor technology
G. Lange

Durability of temporary anchors in rock
A. Rieder, D. Marini, G. Estrafallaces & A. Strauss

Durability proof of steel metal screws in accordance with European technical approvals
M. Siemers

Serviceability and ultimate limit states for anchorages in concrete – effects of assembly tolerances
P. Spyridis, A. Unterweger, S. Lachinger & K. Bergmeister

The functionality of fasteners with small embedment depth in carbonated concrete
M. Stipetic & J. Hofmann


Life-cycle engineering tools for risk-based decision under uncertainty
Organizers: C.F. Cremona & A.D. Orcesi

Vulnerability analysis of a park of small dams to natural hazards through a GIS
K. Bouzelha, H. Hammoum, F. Saradouni, M. Fernane & S. Lounnas

A probabilistic approach for life-cycle environmental analysis of motorway bridges
H. Gervásio & L. Simões da Silva

Life-cycle design of concrete bridges
T. Kovács & L.E. Laczák

Relative performance concepts: A new approach in life-cycle management of concrete structures
L. Lohaus & J. Gerlach

A stochastic aging model for life-cycle assessment
M. Petschacher

Stochastic models for degrading infrastructure systems
M. Sánchez-Silva, J. Riascos-Ochoa & G.-A. Klutke

A comparative life-cycle cost analysis of steel-concrete composite bridges
N.B. Ta, A.D. Orcesi & C.F. Cremona

DIOGEN: Environmental impact database for life-cycle assessment of civil engineering structures
Y. Tardivel & C. Tessier

Model for negotiation of refinancing gain from public-private partnership
L. Zhu & D.K.H. Chua


Industrial risk reduction system
Organizer: H.Wenzel

Reliability of decisions based on lifetime functions and monitoring data
A. Del Grosso & F. Lanata

Evaluation of structural behaviour of a fire damaged highway bridge in Lagos-Nigeria with BRIMOS® structural health monitoring
P. Furtner, R. Veit-Egerer, J. Buchmann & M. Buschlinger

Monitoring and evaluation of an arch bridge over the Traun River – Austria affected by the blasting of the adjacent highway bridge
R. Veit-Egerer, M.Widmann & H.Wenzel

Management concept for highway infrastructure based on life-cycle analysis providing heavy maintenance instructions and cross asset harmonisation
R. Veit-Egerer, P. Furtner, K. Gragger &W. Neumann

Ultrasonic monitoring of high temperature pipes in power plants using wave guides
B.Weihnacht, T. Klesse, U. Lieske & B. Frankenstein

Contribution to US long-term bridge performance program with regard to life-cycle investigations – reference bridge New Jersey
H.Wenzel, M.Widmann, A.E. Aktan & F. Moon

International investigation on the earthquake damaged Chi Lu Cable Stayed Bridge after repair and several years of operation
H.Wenzel, R. Veit-Egerer, T.-K. Lin & Z.-K. Lee

Seepage analysis of a gate dam with a layered deep deposit foundation
M.X.Wu, L.Z. Yang & X.H. Hu


Actions and interventions upon existing structures
Organizers: R. Caspeele, S. Matthews & G. Mancini

Decision making tool for seismic retrofit of existing structures based on marginal costs
and actualized costs of the retrofitting operations 185
D. Asprone, F. Jalayer, A. Prota & R. Russo

Rehabilitation design methodology for public hospital using seismic monitoring
throughout structural life-cycle 186
G.M. Atanasiu &V. Murarasu

Evaluation of Bayesian updated partial factors for material properties in existing concrete
structures 187
R. Caspeele & L. Taerwe

Verification of older prestressed concrete road bridges according to the German structural
assessment provisions 188
D. Dunkelberg, K. Zilch, M. Hennecke & M. Heinze

Target reliability levels for the assessment of existing structures – case study
M. Sykora & M. Holický

Verification of existing reinforced concrete structures using the design value method
M. Sykora & M. Holický

Load-carrying capacity and refurbishment of a historic RC Vierendeel bridge
P. Van Bogaert

Simulation technique for service life assessment of façade refurbishment
E. Vesikari, R.M. Ferreira

Girder shear resistance assessment – applications of SIA 269/2
D. Zwicky


Probabilistic durability assessment of concrete structures
Organizers: B. Teplý & D. Novák

Life-cycle assessment of RC structures in Czech regional conditions
P. Hajek, C. Fiala & M. Kynclova

Time-dependent reliability analysis of reinforced concrete beam under different failure modes
Y. Liu, Y.J. Bao, C.X. Li & X. Zhang

Probabilistic deterioration models of reinforced concrete structures under complex environments
J. Peng, H.Wang, C. Li & X. Liu

The role of modeling in the probabilistic durability assessment of concrete structures
B. Teplý, M. Chromá, P. Rovnaník & D. Novák

Time-dependent reliability analysis of RC bridge under incomplete information
L.Wang, Y. Ma & Z. Zuo

Probabilistic analysis on shear resistance degradation of reinforced concrete beams induced by corrosion
J. Zhang,W. Ding & L. Hu


Probabilistic lifetime assessment of concrete structures under combined environmental attack
Organizers: R. Caspeele, N.D. Belie, C. Gehlen & S. Kessler

Influence of sulphates on chloride diffusion and the effect of this on service life prediction of concrete in a submerged marine environment
M. Maes, R. Caspeele, P. Van den Heede & N. De Belie

Effect of internal freeze-thaw deterioration on chloride migration in concrete
C. Milachowski, S. Keßler, R. Chillé & C. Gehlen

Chloride diffusion tests as experimental basis for full probabilistic service life prediction and life-cycle assessment of concrete with fly ash in a submerged marine environment
P. Van den Heede, M. Maes, R. Caspeele & N. De Belie

Probabilistic lifetime assessment of concrete structures in consideration of combined deterioration mechanisms and singular risks
M. Vogel & H.S. Müller

Life time prediction for concrete repair measures
A.Wachsmann & H. Budelmann

Influence of combined mechanical and environmental loads on service life of reinforced concrete structures
F.H.Wittmann, F. Jiang, X.Wan, P. Zhang &T. Zhao


Life-cycle cost optimization in cross asset management (ERA-NET road projects)
Organizers: A.J. O’Connor & S. Deix

Bayesian identification of uncertainties in chloride ingress modeling into reinforced concrete structures
E. Bastidas-Arteaga, F. Schoefs, S. Bonnet & A.J. O’Connor

From road asset management to cross asset optimization procedures
S. Deix, K. Alten & A.Weninger-Vycudil

Development of procedures for cross-asset management for road infrastructure
A.J. O’Connor, S. Deix & V. Pakrashi

A holistic life-cycle approach for traffic infrastructure
J. Sauer, S. Xalter, O. Fischer & S. Freudenstein

Cross asset management procedures in practice
A.Weninger-Vycudil, S. Deix, K. Gragger & J. Litzka

Cost effective maintenance to supply end user value: Visionary or utopian
J.Wessels, K. Alten, M.R. Turk & S.Š. Palic


Life-cycle cost analyses
Organizers: H.G. Jodl, P. Veit, J. Glatzl & T. Simandl

Life-cycle cost analysis considerations for accelerated bridge construction
U. Attanayake, A.W. Mohammed, Y. Hu, O. Abudayyeh & H.M. Aktan

Life-cycle financial modelling of long term infrastructure projects “PPP-BOT Projects” under uncertainty and risk
M. Attarzadeh, D.K.H. Chua, L. Zhu & M. Beer

Life-cycle cost management for newly constructed infrastructure
J.D. Bakker, J. Helmer & J. Schavemaker

Monitoring of an LCC-oriented maintenance of rail routes
G. Eibinger & U. Puz

Challenges for RAMS/LCC analysis of railway rails
A. Lamik & G. Girsch

Life-cycle costs of tunnels
J. Schwarz, S. Engelhardt & M. Keuser

Utilization times of railway bridges
T. Simandl

Stochastic cost estimation for large infrastructure projects: A computational framework
A.E. Tamparopoulos, D. Alfreider & K. Bergmeister

The calculation of life-cycle costs for road tunnels under the influence of uncertainties
P. Vogt & M. Thewes


Management of existing building stocks
Organizer: C. Bahr

Seismic insurance market for the Italian building stock
D. Asprone, F. Jalayer, G. Manfredi, S. Simonelli & A. Acconcia

The challenge of existing building stocks
C. Bahr, J. Bossmann & K. Lennerts

MultiMap: A tool for strategic analysis of building portfolios
S. Bjørberg, A.K. Larssen & Ch.A. Listerud

Cost-benefits and environmental impact of seismic retrofit for low-rise reinforced concrete buildings
C.-K. Chiu

The Bridge-Management-System (BMS) in Germany as a basis for life-cycle considerations
R. Holst

LCC as a decision tool for strategic development of the public building
portfolio: A Norwegian study 238
T. Meistad, M.S. Valen, H. Brattas & H. Gissinger

Decision aiding & multi criteria optimization for existing buildings holistic retrofit 239
M. Rivallain, P.E. Leger, O. Baverel & B. Peuportier


Structural health monitoring of civil infrastructures in a life-cycle analysis
Organizers: C.F. Cremona &A.D. Orcesi

High precision structural health monitoring system using wireless sensor networks
A. Araujo, F. Tirado, J. García & J. Blesa

In-service inspection of reinforced concrete cooling towers – EDF’s feedback
A. Courtois, Y. Genest, F. Afonso, E. Diday & A.D. Orcesi

Automated geomatic system for monitoring historical buildings during tunneling in Roma, Italy
M. Crespi, F. Giannone, M. Marsella &A. Sonnessa

A vibration-based framework for structural health monitoring of railway bridges
W. Guo, A.D. Orcesi, C.F. Cremona, J.P. Santos, S. Yang & L. Dieleman

Force monitoring with contact free elasto-magnetic sensors on single strands for multi strand anchorages
A. Märzluft & W. Brand

A SHM framework comprising real time data validation
J.P. Santos & P. Silveira


Analysis of rehabilitation needs and maintenance strategies
Organizers: M. Hastak & Y. Yoon

Management system for infrastructures at waterways
J. Bödefeld & K. Kloé

Life-cycle considerations in bridge deck rehabilitation strategy
B. Czarnecki,W. Johnston & G.Wilkins

Strategies and methods to increase the life-cycle of RC buildings in seismic prone areas
S.E. Dritsos, E.C. Apostolidi & N.P. Karela

Optimal allocation of resources in MR&R planning for heterogeneous bridge networks
Z. Essahli & S. Madanat

Life-cycle cost and life-cycle carbon dioxide analyses of the new/renewable energy systems and the energy-saving measures in the elementary school facilities in South Korea
T. Hong, H. Kim, Ch. Koo & T. Kwak

Overall environmental impact for structural polymers: A material selection process
R.A. Khorasgani, T. Poli & A. Rezaallah

Life-cycle assessment of historical structures towards sustainable architectural heritage in Kosovo
V. Nushi & S. Nixha

Fibrecement recycling as raw material for Portland clinker production
J. Schoon, L. Van der Heyden, I. Van Driessche & N. De Belie

Reducing CO2-emission by using CEM V eco-cements
K. Voit, K. Bergmeister & I. Janotka

Multiyear infrastructure rehabilitation strategy within the context of MR&R
Y. Yoon & M. Hastak


Structural retrofitting for maintenance and rehabilitation
Organizer: A. Unterweger

Strengthening and repair of damaged structural elements of revitalized apartment, public service and industrial buildings from the turn of the 19th and 20th century in Poland
P. Berkowski & G. Dmochowski

The functional-structural rehabilitation of a building belonging to the archaeological industrial heritage
B. Faggiano & L. Fiorino

Construction rating attempt under life-cycle design
D. Grecea, M. Georgescu & M. Szitar

Tension stiffening of RC members subject to biaxial tensile stresses
W. Ibrahim, J. Hegger & A. Sherif

Behaviour of interfaces in repaired/strengthened RC elements subjected to cyclic actions: Experiments and modelling
V. Palieraki, E. Vintzileou & C. Zeris

Damage due to traffic before and after rehabilitation of a reinforced concrete bridge
M. Pircher, J.Wagner, B. Lechner & A. Kammersberger

Rehabilitation of existing structures by optimal placement of viscous dampers
A.Gh. Pricopie & D. Cretu

Experimental and numerical investigation of model tests strengthened by overlays
Y. Theiner, M. Aschaber & G. Hofstetter

Post installed fastenings at retrofitting systems in Japan
A. Unterweger, Y. Nakano & K. Bergmeister

Strengthening of historical stone masonry buildings: Experimental testing and modeling of a 2-storey plain masonry building
E. Vintzileou, H. Mouzakis, C.-E. Adami & L. Karapitta


Fatigue of concrete – experiments, models, applications
Organizers: S. Seitl, Z. Keršner, R. Pukl & D. Pryl

Experimental investigation of transitional size effect and crack length effect in concrete fracture
C.G. Hoover, Z.P. Bažant, R.Wendner, J. Vorel, M.H. Hubler, K. Kim, M. Gattu, K. Kirane, J.-L. Le & Q. Yu

Experimental study on fatigue durability of RC road bridge decks subjected to chloride induced deterioration
I. Iwaki

Numerical modeling of crack growth in quasibrittle structures under compressive fatigue
J.-L. Le & J. Eliáš

Modelling high-cycle fatigue of concrete specimens in three point bending
D. Pryl, R. Pukl & J. Cervenka

Damage evolution in concrete under high compressive cyclic loadings
A. Rogge & M. Thiele

Fatigue crack growth in cement based composites: Experimental aspects
S. Seitl, Z. Knésl, H. Šimonová & Z. Keršner

Fatigue and cumulative damage of concrete grain silos
G. Vlaicu & T. Pascu

Study on wind-induced fatigue of transmission tower-line in hilly terrain wind field
Z.Wang, Z. Li, Ch. Zhang & P. Deng


Increasing durability of concrete structures
Organizer: J.L. Vítek

Design of concrete structures for durability
J. Bilcik & I. Holly

Durability design of structural cover concrete based on bleeding rate
Y. Kato & K. Hayakawa

Improvement of performance of concrete precast elements using FRC
A. Kohoutkova

Increasing concrete resistance to deicing chemicals by using metakaolin
P. Máca, D. Jandeková, R. Sovják & P. Konvalinka

Impact of cracks on the durability and on the service-life of fiber reinforced ultra high performance concrete – evaluation, modeling and structural measures
M. Schmidt & A. Rafie

Influential variabilities in reliability of reinforced concrete pipes
J.L. Silva & M.K. El Debs

Life-cycle considerations for reinforced concrete structures in case of fire with respect to spalling
F. Tabeling, P. Schaumann, F. Cramer, D. Dinkler, C. Albrecht & D. Hosser

High performance concrete for the Troja Bridge in Prague
J.L. Vitek & R. Coufal


Numerical modelling of long-term behaviour of concrete structures using B3 model
Organizers: L. Vráblík & V. Kristek

Influence of repeated variable load on long-term behavior of concrete elements
T. Arangjelovski, G. Markovski & P. Mark

Modeling of concrete creep based on microprestress-solidification theory
P. Havlásek & M. Jirásek

Updating B3 model for long-term basic creep
V. Šmilauer, M. Lepš & M. Gregorová

Application of B3 prediction model to analyze prestress loss in prestressed concrete members
L. Vrablík, V. Kristek & B. Teplý

Model B3.1 for multi-decade concrete creep and shrinkage: Calibration by combined laboratory and bridge data
R.Wendner, Z.P. Bažant & M.H. Hubler


Application of special non-destructive testing methods to different kind of structures
Organizer: M. Reiterer

Low-cost sensor for integrated durability monitoring and life-cycle assessment of reinforced concrete structures
A. Holst & H. Budelmann

Development of a virtual reality-based support system for bridge inspectors
S. Sawamura & A. Miyamoto

Modern acoustic NDT methods for the off- and online detection of damages in composite aeronautic structures
M. Scheerer, A. Peldszus, M. Stadtschnitzer & R.Wagner

Experimental modeling of fatigue processes to detect the real degree of deterioration
S. Urban, A. Strauss, M. Reiterer & R.Wagner

Damage process monitoring on the hot spot of a real steel component by means of ultrasonic guided waves
M. Vospernig, M. Reiterer & R. Heuer

Concrete fatigue monitoring on large scale structures using acoustic emission and an ultrasonic actuation and sensing system
R.Wagner, M. Reiterer, A. Strauss & S. Urban


Seismic system identification for life-time-prediction (SEISMID)
Organizers: H.Wenzel & P. Furtner

Assessment of the global dynamic behavior of a historic residential brick-masonry building in Vienna
G. Achs & C. Adam

Seismic capacity of old masonry buildings in Vienna: Laboratory testing on bricks, mortar, and small-scale brick masonry
T. Furtmüller, C. Adam & C. Niederegger

Seismic capacity of old masonry buildings in Vienna: Numerical modeling of load-bearing brick masonry walls
T. Furtmüller & C. Adam

The assessment of soil-structure-interaction by measurements
F. Kopf, A. Bekö, D. Schäfer, M. Pietsch & L. Rossbacher

Measurement principles for masonry buildings
F. Kopf, D. Schäfer, M. Pietsch & L. Rossbacher

Remote sensing and GIS contribution to earthquake disaster preparedness in the Vienna area
B. Theilen-Willige, H.Wenzel & P. Furtner

Evaluation of the safety index of old masonry buildings in Vienna: Non-linear analysis based on seismic capacity
T. Zimmermann & A. Strauss


Life-cycle assessment for sustainability evaluation of buildings
Organizers: R. Smutny, C. Neururer & M. Treberspurg

Life-cycle assessment of steel constructions
M. Feldmann, D. Pyschny, B. Döring & M. Kuhnhenne

Ecological and economic impact of various materials and constructions for buildings over the whole life-cycle
A. Hafner & S.Winter

Wooden products – positive material in life-cycle analysis
A. Hafner, S.Winter & A. Takano

MINERGIE-ECO® 2011 – definition of thresholds in an LCA-based building label
D. Kellenberger

Sensitivity of life-cycle analysis results to the required service life of buildings
H. König, T. Lützkendorf & M.L. De Cristofaro

“Mountain wood vs. lowland wood”, an ecological process assessment – a case study
A. Kraler, V. Krismer & G.Wieland

Life-cycle assessment as a planning tool for sustainable buildings
L. Messari-Becker, K. Bollinger & M. Grohmann

Environmental life-cycle analysis of housing estates in Austria
R. Smutny

LCM – Life-Cycle Management, integrated management philosophy for building projects
R. Stempkowski & M.Wallner-Kleindienst

Has sustainability become the norm in the planning and execution of building projects?
A. Tautschnig & D. Burtscher

Passive House – best practice examples of cost effective building solutions with high-quality living
M. Treberspurg & M. Djalili

LCA of multi-storey timber building and comparative estimation with alternative building materials
Y. Yeh & P. Haller


Life-cycle cost analysis and risk analysis for buildings
Organizers: T. Lützkendorf, S. Geissler & H. Kreiner

OPIK-International: An international comparison of single life-cycle processes in hospitals
M. Banedj-Schafii & K. Lennerts

Impact of semi-transparent building-integrated photovoltaics on building life-cycle cost
K. Fath, J. Stengel, F. Schultmann, S. Mende, H.R.Wilson & T.E. Kuhn

Specific life-cycle cost indicators and design recommendations for life-cycle cost optimized buildings
H. Floegl

Life-cycle cost analysis of building components and materials used in hospitals
T. Halder, H. Kreiner & A. Passer

Life-cycle cost method for the early design phase of non-residential buildings
G. Hofer, M. Grim, B. Herzog & M. Pongratz

The use of life-cycle analysis for planning and assessment of construction works: Topics and trends
T. Lützkendorf

Risk management and robustness as part of sustainability assessment
P. Maydl & D. Schulter

Life-cycle assessment and construction costs of a low energy residential building
M. Paleari, M. Lavagna &A. Campioli

Combined database for LCC, LCA and life-cycle quality
T. Schrag, E. Stocker, Ch.Wartha, E. Hasler & H. Leindecker

Life-cycle assessment of a passive house and a traditional house – comparative study based on practical experiences
D. Stoian, T. Dencsak, S. Pescari & I. Botea

Thinking future with risk management – a substantial tool of life-cycle management
E.Waldauer & R. Stempkowski


Life-cycle design and engineering of facades and building envelopes
Organizers: O. Englhardt & A. Merl

Decision support method for flat roofs with focus on life-cycle costs using a probabilistic method
C. Harreither, T. Bednar & B. Nusser

Green homes through LCC(A)-based planning of multi-functional building skin
L. Messari-Becker, K. Bollinger & M. Grohmann

Parameter study of a prefabricated retrofit façade system
S. Ott & S.Winter

Implementation of energy efficient measures in apartments in Macedonia
T. Samardzioska, M. Cvetkovska, M. Lazarevska & A.T. Gavriloska

Life-cycle of building’s facades: Service life prediction of natural stone wall claddings using the factor method
A. Silva, J. de Brito & P.L. Gaspar

Analysis of influence of water vapor condensation in building construction envelopes
J. Skramlik, O. Fuciman, M. Novotny & Z. Mastna


Structural and thermal retrofitting of buildings
Organizers: O. Englhardt

Sustainable retrofitting solutions for precast concrete residential buildings
A.A. Botici, V. Ungureanu, A. Ciutina, A. Botici & D. Dubina

A comparison of three schools renovated to the Passive House standard
G. Kopeinig

New envelopes for old buildings – the potential of using membrane systems for the thermal retrofitting of existing buildings
W. Lang, J. Cremers, A. Beck & J. Manara

Indicators for sustainability assessment of renewables
P. Schaumann, A. Bechtel, H.-J.Wagner & N. Stranghöner

Sustainable thermal retrofitting solutions for multi-storey residential buildings
V. Ungureanu, A. Ciutina & D. Dubina


Sustainability certification of new and of existing buildings
Organizers: A. Passer & H.Wallbaum

Rating tools for the evaluation of building sustainability
T. Dencsak & C. Bob

Case studies with the DGNB certificate and the OPEN HOUSE methodology – practical experiences and results
N. Essig & S. Eberl

Environmental evaluation of steel plates and steel sections sold on the French market
F. Gomes, A. Feraille, G. Habert & C. Tessier

EU-project OPEN HOUSE: Benchmarking and mainstreaming building sustainability in the EU based on transparency and openness (open source and availability) from model to implementation
R. Hardziewski, H.Wallbaum, N. Essig & S. Eberl

Statistical cluster analysis as a means to complement LCA of buildings
V. John & H.Wallbaum

Interdependency of LCCA and LCA in the assessment of buildings
H. Kreiner & A. Passer

Building sustainability assessment system corresponding to needs of users
A. Lupíšek

Environmental assessment of building refurbishments in SBToolCZ – criteria setup
S. Mancik & J. Ruzicka

Utilizing GIS as a geospatial tool to inventory LEED certified buildings and Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste flows in the United States
K.A. Marcellus, S. Spatari & P.M. Gallagher

Tools and processes for life-cycle engineering: Experience from the European project OPEN HOUSE
V. Peyramale

Longlife – energy efficiency and sustainability
K. Rückert, M.-I. Kiefel, Ch. Engel & S. Michel

Ecological life-cycle assessment of structures made of UHPC – systematic and practical relevance
M. Schmidt

Life-cycle assessment of buildings for sustainable development
Z. Stránská & J. Sedlák


Towards sustainable dams and embankments
Organizers: M.Wieland & W.Wu

Reliability analysis for rainfall stability of municipal solid waste landfills on slope
F.K. Huang & G.S.Wang

Life-cycle assessment of Tuttle Creek Dam seismic retrofit
J.F. Hubler, P.M. Gallagher & S. Spatari

Life-cycle performance of a concrete shear-wall structure
M.J. Shah

Effect of geogrid in rockfill dams during strong earthquakes
E. Soranzo,W.Wu & M.Wieland

Safety aspects of sustainable storage dams
M.Wieland


GENERAL SESSIONS

Organizers: A. Strauss, D.M. Frangopol & K. Bergmeister
Estimation of steel weight loss due to corrosion in RC members based on

digital image processing of X-ray photogram 389
M. Akiyama & D.M. Frangopol

Numerical simulations of occupants evacuation within the context of
life-cycle engineering in building construction 390
C. Albrecht, D. Hosser,W. Abu Abed, N. Rinke &V. Berkhahn

Assessment of structural damage due to ground settlements by using the DInSAR
technique 391
S. Arangio, M. Di Mauro, M. Marsella, A. Sonnessa & M. Manunta

Performance-based retrofit of a prestressed concrete road bridge in seismic area
A.M. Avossa, R. Di Camillo & P. Malangone

Efficient design and construction of the APM major bridge project in Saudi Arabia
E. Ayoub, C. Malek & G. Helmy

Probabilistic description of foundation capacity for design of electrical transmission lines
C.B.P. Azevedo & S.M.C. Diniz

The SBAS-DInSAR technique: A tool for deformation monitoring in the urban damage assessment
M. Bonano, F. Calò, M. Manunta & M. Marsella

Rehabilitation of concrete bridges using Ultra-High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC)
E. Brühwiler

Fatigue safety examination of a 150-year old riveted railway bridge
E. Brühwiler

Rehabilitation of two bridges in construction in the motorway M-410 in Madrid, Spain
C.J. Cabañes

Testing of pre-stressed masonry corner for tri-axial stress-strain analysis
R. Cajka, P. Mateckova, M. Stara & M. Janulikova

Health monitoring of civil engineering structures – what we can learn from experience
R. Cantieni

The research on the time-dependence of recurrence times of great earthquakes based on the historical records in North area of China
Z.H. Chen & X.L. Liu

Development and verification of a typhoon wind hazard model for Taipei
R.-H. Cherng,W.-C. Hsu, C.-C. Li & C.-S. Chen

Seismic reliability and LCCs of a RC buildings considering earthquake events within a specified service period
C.-K. Chiu &W.-Y. Jean

Threshold-based network-level transportation infrastructure management
J.C. Chu &Y.J. Chen

The economic impact of photocatalytic concrete in an urban industrial setting
C.J. Churchill & D.K. Panesar

Life-cycle optimization based on progressive collapse monitoring of irregular RC structures located in seismic active areas in Europe
S. Crijanovschi & G.M. Atanasiu

The use of advanced remote sensing techniques for monitoring of slopes affected by slow movements
M.E. D’Effremo & E. Fontanella

Performing of non-destructive measurement methods on existing arch bridge structures
F. Dengg, K. Mendlig, A. Krawtschuk & A. Strauss

Post-earthquake geomatic survey of a monumental building in L’Aquila, Italy
D. Dominici, M. Elaiopoulos, D. Galeota & A. Gregori

Transverse load distribution in masonry arch bridges
H. Dunne, J. Murphy & K. Ruane

Time dependent reliability for existing structure based on the moment method
W.-L. Fan, S. Zhang, Z.-L. Li & P. Deng

Preservation of structural and functional integrity in the interaction of new and existing structures: The case of London Underground’s Green Park Station
A. Feiersinger, T. Mitsch & P. Spyridis

Progressive collapse of seismic resistant multistory frame buildings
M. Ferraioli & A.M. Avossa

Sustainability of tunnelling based on life-cycles analysis
M. Flora & G. Fröch

Safety evaluation of masonry arch bridges by nonlinear finite element analyses
S.A. Franck, V. Slowik & S. Marx

Model-free identification of uncertain time-dependent material behaviour for long term structural analysis
S. Freitag,W. Graf & M. Kaliske

A multi-dimensional approach on maintenance of distributed infrastructure: ASFINAG’s maintenance strategy
A. Fromm & R. Liskounig

Availability orientated operation of automated people mover
A. Fruehwirth & J.Winter

Time-dependent compressive strength of concrete in existing buildings
X.L. Gao, Y.Y. Yan & J. Li

Application of satellite radar interferometry for structural damage assessment and monitoring
C. Giannico, A. Ferretti, L. Jurina & M. Ricci

Energy harvesting for the life-cycle of structures and infrastructures: State of art, recent trends and future developments
K. Gkoumas, F. Petrini & F. Bontempi

Integral railway bridges for high speed trains – from conceptual design to construction by the example of the Gaensebachtal Bridge
A. Goldack & M. Schlaich

Maintenance costs calculation over the life-cycle: A method for the usage of elementary influence factors on the technical durability of technical components and constructed assets
G. Hardkop

Load induced damage in masonry bridges, some observations on stiffness and force flow
B. Harvey

Flexible floor slab systems for long service life
J. Hegger, M. Claßen, T. Dreßen & J. Gallwoszus

A standardized life-cycle costing framework for flexible and rigid pavements in Austria
M. Hoffmann & R. Blab

Risk-based monitoring, inspection and maintenance framework for coastal structures
N. Horstmann, S. Schimmels, K. Hinze & H. Oumeraci

On the sustainability of deconstruction and recycling: A discussion of possibilities of end-of-lifetime measures
P. Kamrath

Long-term maintenance of deteriorating infrastructure: Inspection strategies for incipient failures
G.-A. Klutke, M. Sánchez-Silva & J. Riascos-Ochoa

Determination of mechanical and temperature induced deflection based on monitoring data for assessing the load factor
A. Krawtschuk, T. Zimmermann & K. Haider

The development of the combined LCC analysis system for bundling public facility maintenance
C.K. Lee & T.K. Park

Early warning system of roofs overloaded by snow based on measurements and inverse analysis
D. Lehký

Total life-cycle assessment of steel constructions
G. Lener, D. Reiterer & A. Hauser

Study of the identification of aggregates of construction and demolition waste by using object recognition methods
E. Linß, H.-M. Ludwig & K. Anding

LCC in Norway: State of the art 2012
Ch.A. Listerud, S. Bjørberg &A.K. Larssen

Life-cycle cost management mode based on information management platform
L. Liu & X.Wei

Probabilistic aspects of OffshoreWind Turbines: Influences of in situ assembly of grouted joints
L. Lohaus & M.Werner

An optimum design approach for the wind and seismic design of wind turbine supports in Mexico
A. López López, L.E. Pérez Rocha & D. Maldonado Jiménez

A comparative analysis of environmental impacts of ordinary concrete and structural lightweight concrete
I. Lukic, M. Malesev, V. Radonjanin & V. Milovanovic

Artificial neural networks in calibration of nonlinear models
T. Mareš, E. Janouchová &A. Kuˇcerová

Probabilistic assessment of working life for bridges
J. Markova

Probabilistic working life assessment of power-producing components
J. Markova, M. Holický & K. Jung

The influence of bridge maintenance on their durability and bearing capacity
G. Markovski, T. Arangjelovski, O. Kolevski & D. Nakov

An advanced probabilistic updating algorithm for life-cycle analysis of civil structures
J.C. Matos, I.B. Valente, P.J.S. Cruz & L.C. Neves

Life-cycle cost analysis for real estate
G. Mendel & U. Käding

Simulation of random behavior of engineering structures: From parameters identification to reliability assessment
D. Novák & R. Pukl

Fatigue behavior of stay cables
J. Novoszel,W. Träger & J. Kollegger

Reliability index for wind turbines subjected to wind and seismic actions
L.E. Pérez Rocha, A. López López, D. Maldonado Jiménez, L.E. Manjarrez Garduño & D. de León Escobedo

An energy harvesting application in a long span suspension bridge
F. Petrini, O. De Gaudenzi & K. Gkoumas

Coupled damage in assessing the lifetime of bridge and viaducts
A. Pipinato, C. Pellegrino & C. Modena

The influence of design life in life-cycle civil engineering
S.G. Reid

Extension of bridge lifetime by use of structural health monitoring
M. Reiterer & A. Kammersberger

Estimation of asphalt pavement performance by using risk analysis method
V. Rosauer

Optimizing a structure’s life with genetic algorithms and emergence theory
M.P. Sarkisian

The tunnel inspection database of the cold region tunnel for maintenance
T. Sato, H. Nishi & A. Sutoh

“Whitetopping” of asphalt and concrete pavements with thin layers of Ultra-High-Performance Concrete: Construction and economic efficiency
C. Schmidt, M. Schmidt & P. Racky

Study of the quantity of gypsum in Construction & DemolitionWaste (CDW)
T. Schulz, E. Linß, A. Müller & K.Weimann

Probability based optimized design of concrete structures
P. Štˇepánek, I. Laníková, P. Šim°unek & F. Girgle

Monitoring of ground-structure-interaction of an arch bridge
J. Stoerzel, M. Spitzer, N. Randl & C. Stadler

Uncertainty in multivariate modelling: Main concepts and an application on fracture mechanics
A.E. Tamparopoulos, P. Spyridis & K. Bergmeister

RC precast bridges with joint-less deck: An Italian experience
G. Tecchio, K. Islami & C. Modena

Life-cycle performance assessment of PSC bridges exposed to coastal zones under uncertainty: I. Theory
H. Tian, D.M. Frangopol & A. Chen

Life-cycle performance assessment of PSC bridges exposed to coastal zones under uncertainty: II. Application
H. Tian, D.M. Frangopol & A. Chen

Validation of diffusion models for life-cycle assessment of concrete structures
A. Titi & F. Biondini

Deterministic versus probabilistic reliability analysis of existing bridge structures
C. Unger & M. Empelmann

Production of pervious concrete by using construction and demolition wastes
G. Vardaka, S. Tsimas & C. Leptokaridis

Extension of sample size in Latin Hypercube Sampling – methodology and software
M. Voˇrechovský

Prevent corruption – measures to increase integrity in organizations
A.Walcher, R. Stempkowski & M. Apfalter

Harvesting factor in hydropower generation
J.Wall &A. Passer

Dynamic-based performance updating of high-speed concrete railway bridge
S. Yang, L. Dieleman & A.D. Orcesi

The environmental impacts of concrete containing Nano-SiO2 and typical concrete on global warming and fossil fuel depletion: A comparison
M. Yekkalar, M.R. Sabour & M. Nikravan

Concrete sludge water recycling: An essential practice for the sustainability of a ready-mix concrete plant
M. Zervaki, M. Mappouridou, S. Tsimas & C. Leptokaridis

Combining resilience and sustainability in infrastructure projects
T. Zinke, P. Bocchini, D.M. Frangopol & T. Ummenhofer

Epoxy-coated reinforcement – optimization of life-cycle costs?
M. Zintel & C. Gehlen

Poor life-cycle performance versus engineering design process
S. Zmigrodzki

Author index

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