Stimulus-Response Compatibility Principles: Data, Theory, and Application

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Features

  • Contains an integrated presentation of basic and applied research from the earliest days to the present
  • Includes foundational information and relates this information to practice
  • Supplies overviews of influential theories, why they were proposed, and their strengths and limitations
  • Covers the range in which compatibility effects may occur and situations for which there may be exceptions
  • Highlights the implications and principles of fundamental analyses of compatibility effects and their determinants relevant to applied design issues
  • Summary

    Understanding of the factors that influence stimulus-response (S-R) compatibility and determine when and how compatibility effects will arise is a necessary foundation for appropriately applying compatibility principles in design and for evaluating the relative compatibility of alternative designs. Summarizing the state of contemporary knowledge regarding determinants of compatibility, Stimulus-Response Compatibility Principles: Data, Theory, and Application provides thorough, up-to-date coverage of basic and applied research coupled with an emphasis on relating this knowledge to specific design guidelines.

    Examining a broad range of theoretical and applied issues from the compatibility perspective, the authors review basic research devoted to theoretical issues concerning S-R compatibility in particular and the relation between perception and action more generally. They cover effects of different S-R mappings in simple and complex tasks, factors that influence response-selection efficiency, correspondence effects of irrelevant stimulus information, compatibility effects for multiple and orthogonal dimensions, consequences of mixing mappings and tasks, practice and transfer effects, compatibility effects in multiple-task performance, and direction of motion stereotypes. The authors provide a thorough treatment of alternative views, contrasting and comparing their strengths and weaknesses. They provide guidelines that incorporate current knowledge about compatibility effects.

    Previous books on S-R compatibility have been edited works that contained detailed descriptions of the findings of various research programs across the world. Consequently, those books do not provide a cohesive overview of the range of research on compatibility effects, and the treatments they provide are not easy to comprehend by individuals who lack a background in the area. Making information accessible to a broad range of researchers and practitioners, this text organizes, summarizes, and integrates the vast amount of knowledge concerning S-R compatibility.

    Table of Contents

    STIMULUS-RESPONSE COMPATIBILITY AND SELECTION OF ACTION: BASIC CONCEPTS
    Classic Studies
    Terminology and Distinctions
    Techniques for Studying S-R Compatibility
    Models for S-R Compatibility Effects

    FACTORS IN ADDITION TO S-R COMPATIBILITY THAT AFFECT RESPONSE-SELECTION EFFICIENCY
    The Speed-Accuracy Tradeoff
    Uncertainty and Number of Alternatives
    Response-Precuing Effects
    Sequential Effects
    Influence of Practice on Set-Size Effects and Sequence Learning

    BASIC STIMULUS-RESPONSE COMPATIBILITY EFFECTS
    Spatial Stimuli and Responses
    Verbal and Nonverbal S-R Modes
    Other Element-Level S-R Compatibility Effects

    CORRESPONDENCE OF IRRELEVANT STIMULUS INFORMATION AND RESPONSES: THE SIMON EFFECT
    Spatial Stimuli and Responses
    Verbal and Nonverbal S-R Modes
    Simon-Type Effects for Other Stimulus and Response Dimensions

    S-R COMPATIBILITY EFFECTS FOR MULTIDIMENSIONAL STIMULUS AND RESPONSE SETS
    Two-Dimensional Nonspatial Stimuli Mapped to Keypress Responses
    The Right-Left Prevalence Effect for Two-Dimensional Spatial Stimuli and Responses
    Simon Effects for Two-Dimensional Spatial Stimuli and Responses
    Static and Dynamic Dimensions
    Judgment and Decision-Making

    REVERSING THE SIMON EFFECT FOR IRRELEVANT LOCATION
    The Hedge and Marsh Reversal
    Manipulating Percentages of Corresponding and Noncorresponding Trials
    Effects of Intermixed Location-Relevant Mappings
    Transfer from a Prior Spatial Mapping to the Simon Task

    CONSEQUENCES OF MIXED MAPPINGS AND TASKS
    Mixing Compatible and Incompatible Mappings in Spatial Choice Tasks
    Mixing Nonspatial S-R Mappings
    Accounts for Elimination of the S-R Compatibility Effect with Mixed Mappings
    Mixing Location-Relevant and -Irrelevant Trials: The S-R Compatibility Effect
    Accounts for the Elimination of S-R Compatibility Effects with Mixed Location-Relevant and -Irrelevant Trials
    Comparison of Mixed Mappings and Trial Types
    A Negative Correspondence Effect for Masked Stimuli

    COMPATIBILITY EFFECTS FOR ORTHOGONAL DIMENSIONS
    Up-Right/Down-Left Mapping Advantage
    Influences of Hand, Hand Posture, and Response Eccentricity on Orthogonal S-R Compatibility
    Correspondence of Asymmetric Codes as a General Principle of Binary-Choice Reactions
    Tasks with More than Two Alternatives

    POPULATION STEREOTYPES FOR DIRECTION OF MOTION AND COLOR, WORD, AND PICTURE ASSOCIATIONS
    Linear Display Indicators and their Relations to Controls
    Rotary Displays and their Controls
    Other Population Stereotypes

    STIMULUS-RESPONSE COMPATIBILITY EFFECTS IN DUAL-TASK PERFORMANCE
    The PRP Effect and the Central Bottleneck Model
    Simon Effects for Irrelevant Stimulus Location
    Consistency of Mappings
    Crosstalk between Tasks
    Can the Bottleneck Be Bypassed?

    MODELS OF STIMULUS-RESPONSE COMPATIBILITY EFFECTS
    The Algorithmic Model of S-R Compatibility
    Salient Features Coding Perspective
    A Computational Model of the Simon Effect
    The Dimensional Overlap Model
    The Theory of Event Coding
    The Ecological Approach

    INCORPORATING S-R COMPATIBILITY IN DESIGN
    Proximity Compatibility and Stimulus-Central Processing-Response Compatibility
    Guidelines for Compatibility Effects in Interface Design
    Naïve and Experienced Judgments

    References
    Index

    Editorial Reviews

    "Proctor and Vu present a more systematic and organized account of research into stimulus-response compatibility than do the multi-author volumes on it that have appeared recently."
    -SciTech Book News, Vol. 30, No. 3, September 2006