GIS in Public Health Practice

GIS in Public Health Practice

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Features

  • Examines GIS as a science applied to the study of health issues such as communicable disease control, environmental health protection, and public health planning and policy
  • Explores disease mapping and spatial analysis
  • Analyzes geographic clustering of disease
  • Investigates the use of GIS in the assessment of the accessibility of health care services
  • Explains data protection and e-governance issues in the field of public health
  • Summary

    Significant advances in the evaluation and use of geographic information have had a major effect on key elements of public health. Strides in mapping technology as well as the availability and accuracy of health information enable public health practitioners to link and analyze data in new ways at international, regional, and even street levels. This geographical perspective generates new approaches in the study of communicable disease control, environmental health protection, health needs assessment, planning and policy, operational public health management, and many other areas.

    GIS in Public Health Practice includes contributions from the leading researchers in the field who participated in the First European Conference on Geographic Information Sciences and Public Health. This event promoted the use of GIS within the realm of public health. Specifically selected and expanded contributions illustrate particular areas of application and address issues of major importance. Many of the chapters have a UK or European focus, but examine issues, principles, and methods that are relevant worldwide.

    GIS in Public Health Practice is the first book to treat GIS as more than a mere technology. It recognizes GIS as a science that encompasses the development and application of scientific methods toward solving societal problems, an emerging facet of public health research and practice. This compilation is beneficial to all practitioners and researchers with an interest in public health.

    Table of Contents

    Introduction and overview
    Ravi Maheswaran, Massimo Craglia


    DISEASE MAPPING AND SPATIAL
    ANALYSIS


    Basic Issues in Geographical Analysis
    Ravi Maheswaran, Robert P. Haining


    Disease Mapping - Basic Approaches and New Developments
    Andrew B. Lawson


    Clustering of Disease
    Clive E. Sabel, Markku Löytönen


    GIS APPLICATIONS IN
    COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL
    AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
    PROTECTION


    GIS and Communicable Disease Control
    Thomas Kistemann, Angela Queste


    New Zealand Experience of Salmonella Brandenburg Infection in Humans and Animals
    John Holmes


    Using GIS for Environmental Exposure Assessment: Experiences from the Small Area Health Statistics Unit
    Kees de Hoogh, David Briggs, Samantha Cockings, Alex Bottle



    Using Modelled Outdoor Air Pollution Data for Health Surveillance
    Paul Brindley, Ravi Maheswaran, Tim Pearson, Stephen Wise, Robert P. Haining


    Health and Environment Information Systems
    Paul Aylin, Samantha Cockings


    GIS APPLICATIONS IN HEALTH CARE
    PLANNING AND POLICY


    Health GIS in the English National Health Service - a Regional Solution
    Ralph Smith


    GIS in District Public Health Work
    Edmund Jessop


    Using GIS to Assess Accessibility to Primary Health Care Services
    Andrew Lovett, Gilla Sünnenberg, Robin Haynes

    GIS in Public Health Care Planning - a United States Perspective
    Gregory A. Elmes




    DATA PROTECTION AND
    E-GOVERNANCE ISSUES IN PUBLIC HEALTH


    GIS and Public Health in the Information Society
    Massimo Craglia, Alessandro Annoni


    Data Protection and Medical Research
    Deryck Beyleveld, David Townend


    Public and Patient Attitudes to the Use of Their Health Information: A Review of the Literature
    Rupert Suckling, Darren Shickle, Susan Wallace


    Mobile Phone Positioning Systems and the Accessibility of Health Services
    Markku Löytönen, Clive E. Sabel


    Conclusions and Future Prospects
    Massimo Craglia, Ravi Maheswaran


    Editorial Reviews

    "I can think of no better geographers than Ellen Cromley and Sara McLafferty for presenting the methodologies and research findings of GIS for health." - Wil Gesler, The Geographical Review, Vol 94, No 1, January 2004 (on the first edition)

    "Comprehensive, well-structured, well-illustrated, and well-written....Instructors will find a wealth of illustrative examples of applications." - Tony Gatrell, Economic Geography, Vol 79, No 3, July 2003 (on the first edition)

     
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