Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods

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Features

  • Provides a standardized overview of 83 major methods in ergonomics and human factors
  • Represents all facets of human factors and ergonomics in systems analysis, design, and evaluation
  • Includes common topics for each method description, including advantages, disadvantages, examples, related methods, references, and more
  • Explores each specialized field of ergonomics, supported by a representative selection of methods
  • Summary

    Research suggests that ergonomists tend to restrict themselves to two or three of their favorite methods in the design of systems, despite a multitude of variations in the problems that they face. Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods delivers an authoritative and practical account of methods that incorporate human capabilities and limitations, environmental factors, human-machine interaction, and other factors into system design. The Handbook describes 83 methods in a standardized format, promoting the use of methods that may have formerly been unfamiliar to designers.

    The handbook comprises six sections, each representing a specialized field of ergonomics with a representative selection of associated methods. The sections highlight facets of human factors and ergonomics in systems analysis, design, and evaluation. Sections I through III address individuals and their interactions with the world. Section IV explores social groupings and their interactions (team methods), and Section V examines the effect of the environment on workers. The final section provides an overview of work systems-macroergonomics methods.

    An onion-layer model frames each method; working from the individual, to the team, to the environment, to the work system. Each chapter begins with an introduction written by the chapter's editor, offering a brief overview of the field and a description of the methods covered. The Handbook provides a representative set of contemporary methods that are valuable in ergonomic analyses and evaluations.

    The layout of each chapter is standardized for ease-of-use, so you can quickly locate relevant information about each method. Content descriptions are brief, and references are made to other texts, papers, and case studies. Standard descriptions of methods encourage browsing through several potential methods before tackling a problem.

    Table of Contents

    Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods
    Neville A. Stanton

    PHYSICAL METHODS
    Physical Methods
    Alan Hedge

    PLIBEL - The Method Assigned for Identification of
    Ergonomic Hazards
    Kristina Kemmlert

    Musculoskeletal Discomfort Surveys Used at NIOSH
    Steven L. Sauter , Naomi G. Swanson , Thomas R. Waters ,
    Thomas R. Hales , and Robin Dunkin-Chadwick

    The Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (DMQ)
    Vincent Hilderbrandt

    Quick Exposure Checklist (QEC) for the Assessment of Workplace
    Risks for Work-Relate Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs)
    Guangyan Li and Peter Buckle

    Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA)
    Lynn McAtamney

    Rapid Entire Body Assessment
    Lynn McAtamney and Sue Hignett

    The Strain Index
    J. Steven Moore and Gordon A. Vos

    Posture Checklist Using Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) Technology
    Karen Jacobs

    Scaling Experiences during Work: Perceived Exertion and Difficulty
    Gunnar Borg

    Muscle Fatigue Assessment: Functional Job Analysis Technique
    Suzanne H. Rodgers and Suzanne H. Rodgers

    Psychophysical Tables: Lifting, Lowering, Pushing, Pulling, and Carrying
    Stover H. Snook

    Lumbar Motion Monitor
    W. S. Marras and W. G. Allread

    The Occupational Repetitive Action (OCRA) Methods: OCRA Index and
    OCRA Checklist
    Enrico Occhipinti

    Assessment Of Exposure to Manual Patient Handling in Hospital Wards:
    MAPO INDEX (Movement and Assistance of Hospital Patients)
    O. Menoni, M.G. Ricci, D. Panciera and N. Battevi

    Psychophysiological Methods
    Karel A. Brookhuis

    Psycho-Physiological Methods
    Electrodermal Measurement
    Wolfram Boucsein

    Electromyography (EMG)
    Matthias Goebel

    Estimating Mental Effort Using Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability
    Lambertus (Ben) J.M. Mulder, Dick de Waard and Karel A. Brookhuis

    Ambulatory EEG Methods and Sleepiness
    Torbjörn Åkerstedt

    Assessing Brain Function and Mental Chronometry with Event-Related
    Potentials (ERP)
    Arthur F. Kramer and Artem Belopolsky

    MEG and fMRI
    Hermann Hinrichs

    Ambulatory Assessment of Blood Pressure to Evaluate Workload
    Renate Rau

    Monitoring Alertness by Eyelid Closure
    Melissa M. Mallis and David F. Dinges

    Measurement of Respiration in Applied Human Factors and
    Ergonomics Research
    Cornelis J.E. Wientjes and Paul Grossman

    Behavioural and Cognitive Methods
    Behavioral and Cognitive Methods
    Neville A. Stanton

    Observation
    Neville A. Stanton, Christopher Baber and Mark Young

    Applying Interviews to Usability Assessment
    Mark S. Young and Neville A. Stanton

    Verbal Protocol Analysis
    Guy Walker

    Repertory Grid for Product Evaluation
    Chris Baber

    Focus Groups
    Lee Cooper and Chris Baber

    Hierarchical Task Analysis (HTA)
    John Annett

    Allocation of Functions
    Philip Marsden and Mark Kirby


    Critical Decision Method
    Gary Klein and Amelia A. Armstrong

    Applied Cognitive Work Analysis (ACWA)
    W. C. Elm, E. M. Roth, S. S. Potter, J. W. Gualtieri and J. R. Easter

    Systematic Human Error Reduction and Prediction Approach (SHERPA)
    Neville A. Stanton

    Task Analysis for Error Identification
    Neville A. Stanton and Christopher Baber

    Mental Workload
    Mark S. Young and Neville A. Stanton

    Multiple Resource Time Sharing Mode
    Christopher D. Wickens

    Critical Path Analysis for Multimodal Activity
    Chris Baber

    Situation Awareness Measurement and the Situation Awareness
    Global Assessment Technique
    Debra G. Jones and David B. Kaber

    Team Methods
    Team Methods
    Eduardo Salas

    Team Training
    Eduardo Salas and Heather A. Priest

    Distributed Simulation Training for Teams
    Dee H. Andrews

    Synthetic Task Environments for Teams: CERTT's UAV-STE
    Nancy J. Cooke and Steven M. Shope

    Event-Based Approach to Training (EBAT)
    Jennifer E. Fowlkes and C. Shawn Burke

    Team Building
    Eduardo Salas, Heather A. Priest and Renée E. DeRouin

    Measuring Team Knowledge
    Nancy J. Cooke

    Team Communications Analysis
    Florian Jentsch and Clint Bowers

    Questionnaires for Distributed Assessment of Team Mutual Awareness
    Jean MacMillan, Michael J. Paley, Eileen B. Entin and Elliot E. Entin

    Team Decision Requirement Exercise: Making Team Decision
    Requirements Explicit
    David W. Klinger and Bianka B. Hahn

    Targeted Acceptable Responses to Generated Events or Tasks (TARGETs)
    Jennifer E. Fowlkes and C. Shawn Burke


    Behavioral Observation Scales (BOS)
    David Baker

    Team Situation Assessment Training for Adaptive Coordination
    Laura Martin-Milham and Stephen M. Fiore

    Team Task Analysis
    C. Shawn Burke

    Team Workload
    Clint A. Bowers and Florian Jentsch

    Social Network Analysis
    James E. Driskell and Brian Mullen

    Environmental Methods
    Environmental Methods
    Alan Hedge

    Thermal Conditions Measurement
    George Havenith

    Cold Stress Indices
    Hannu Rintamäki

    Heat Stress Indices
    Alan Hedge

    Thermal Comfort Indices
    Jørn Toftum

    Indoor Air Quality: Chemical Exposures
    Alan Hedge

    Indoor Air Quality: Biological/Particulate-Phase Contaminant
    Exposure Assessment Methods
    Thad Godish

    Olfactometry: the Human Nose as Detection Instrument
    Pamela Dalton and Monique Smeets

    The Context and Foundation of Lighting Practice
    Mark S. Rea and Peter R. Boyce

    Photometric Characterization of the Luminous Environment
    Mark S. Rea

    Evaluating Office Lighting
    Peter R. Boyce

    Rapid Sound-Quality Assessment of Background Noise
    Rendell R. Torres

    Noise Reaction Indices and Assessment
    R.F. Soames Job

    Noise and Human Behavior
    Gary Evans and Lorraine Maxwell

    Occupational Vibration: a Concise Perspective
    Jack F. Wasserman, Donald E. Wasserman and David Wilder

    Habitability Measurement in Space Vehicles and Earth Analogs
    Brian Peacock, Jennifer Blume and Susan Vallance

    Macroergonomic Methods
    Macroergonomic Methods
    Hal W. Hendrick

    Macroergonomic Organizational Questionnaire Survey (MOQS)
    Pascale Carayon and Peter Hoonakker

    Interview Method
    Leah Newman

    Focus Groups
    Leah Newman

    Laboratory Experiment
    Brian M. Kleiner

    Field Study and Field Experiment
    Hal W. Hendrick

    Participatory Ergonomics (PE)
    Ogden Brown, Jr.

    Cognitive Walk-Through Method (CWM)
    Tonya L. Smith-Jackson

    Kansei Engineering
    Mitsuo Nagamachi

    HITOP Analysis™
    Ann Majchrzak, M. Fleischer, D. Roitman, and J. Mokray

    TOP-Modeler© 2002
    Ann Majchrzak

    The CIMOP System© 2002
    Waldemar Karwowski and J. Kantola

    Anthropotechnology
    Philippe Geslin

    Systems Analysis Tool (SAT)
    Michelle M. Robertson

    Macroergonomic Analysis of Structure (MAS)
    Hal W. Hendrick

    MacroErgonomic Analysis and Design (MEAD)
    Brian M. Kleiner

    Editorial Reviews

    "Hanbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Methods is one of the best resources to identify methods of tackling human factors (neck up) and ergonomics (neck down) problems encountered in greater society."
    -Professional Safety, Feb. 2006

     

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