Nanoscale Physics for Materials Science

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ISBN 9781439800591
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Features

  • Links physical phenomena with recent scientific and technological developments
  • Takes a unified approach to materials science, rather than focusing on inorganic, organic, semiconductor, ceramic, and metallurgical materials separately
  • Presents an overview of quantum mechanics and the band structure of solids
  • Follows the changes in physical properties from macroscale to atomic levels
  • Describes the physical phenomena occurring at the nanoscale
  • Includes homework problems at the end of each chapter

Solutions manual available upon qualifying course adoption

Summary

Although there are many books available on the preparation, properties, and characterization of nanomaterials, few provide an interdisciplinary account of the physical phenomena that govern the novel properties of nanomaterials. Addressing this shortfall, Nanoscale Physics for Materials Science covers fundamental cross-disciplinary concepts in materials science and engineering. It presents a comprehensive description of the physical phenomena and changes that can be expected when macroscopically sized materials are reduced to the nanometer level.

The text is divided according to physical phenomena and interactions. After reviewing the necessary theoretical background, the authors address the electrical, optical, and magnetic properties as functions of size and distance. They discuss the energy spectrum, the charging effect, tunneling phenomena, electronically induced stable nanostructures, absorption and scattering, electromagnetic interactions, magnetism, ferromagnetic domain-wall-related phenomena, and spin transport in magnetic nanostructures. Problem sets are included at the end of each chapter.

Providing an excellent treatment of physical phenomena not covered in similar books, this text explores the electrical, optical, and magnetic properties of materials at the nanoscale level. It delves into the dramatic physical changes that occur on scales where the quantum nature of objects starts dominating their properties.

Table of Contents

Fundamentals of Quantum Mechanics and Band Structure
Fundamentals of quantum mechanics
Electronic band structure of solids
Material properties with respect to characteristic size in nanostructures

Electronic States and Electrical Properties of Nanoscale Materials

Outline
Low dimensionality and energy spectrum
Quantization
Edge (surface) localized states
Charging effect
Tunneling phenomena
Limiting factors for size effects
Electronically induced stable nanostructures

Optical Properties and Interactions of Nanoscale Materials

Size-dependent optical properties: absorption and emission
Size-dependent optical properties: absorption and scattering
Size-dependent electromagnetic interactions: particle–particle
Size-dependent interactions: particle–light interactions in finite geometries

Magnetic and Magnetotransport Properties of Nanoscale Materials

Fundamentals of magnetism
Size and surface effects in 3D confined systems
Ferromagnetic domain-wall-related phenomena
Spin transport in magnetic nanostructures—magnetic interface effect
Index

Problems and References appear at the end of each chapter.

Author Bio(s)

Takaaki Tsurumi is a professor in the Department of Metallurgy and Ceramics Science at the Tokyo Institute of Technology in Japan.

Hiroyuki Hirayama is a professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Tokyo Institute of Technology in Japan.

Martin Vacha is an associate professor in the Department of Organic and Polymeric Materials at the Tokyo Institute of Technology in Japan.

Tomoyasu Taniyama is an associate professor in the Materials and Structures Laboratory at the Tokyo Institute of Technology in Japan.